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Map showing Norway and neighboring countries.
Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway (Kongeriket Norge), is an elongated stretch of land on the western and northern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula in northern Europe, west of Sweden, bordering the North Sea in southwest, the Skagerrak strait in south, the Norwegian Sea in west, the Barents Sea (Atlantic Ocean) in north, it has borders with Finland and Russia in northeast and it shares maritime borders with Denmark, Iceland, the United Kingdom, Greenland and the Faroe Islands.
From south west to north east the country is extending 1,752 km (1,089 mi) and covers an area of 323,802 km² (mainland only), making it somewhat smaller than Germany, or slightly larger than the US state of New Mexico.
The northern half of the country lies within the Arctic Circle, this part is known as Northern Norway, one of the five geographic regions of mainland Norway, the others are, in south west Western Norway, in south Southern Norway, in south east Eastern Norway, and in central, you guessed already, Central Norway. The country is world famous for its rugged coastlines, sculpted by huge long, narrow inlets known as fjords. The country's coastline is also interspersed by thousands of islands and islets.
Norway's mostly mountainous landscape was shaped by the Caledonian orogeny, a mountain building era, about 490–390 million years ago. The mountain range that runs through the Scandinavian Peninsula is known as the Scandinavian Mountains. The land Norway occupies is part of the Baltic Shield which contains the oldest rock formations of the European continent. Galdhøpiggen in southern Norway is the highest peak in mainland Northern Europe, at 2,469 meters (8,100 ft).
During the Pleistocene (the last ice age) Northern Europe was covered by the Scandinavian Ice Sheet, the movement of the continental sized ice sheet carved out deep valleys, scoured and abraded the region's surface, eroded mountains and rendered the rest of the landscape flat. Scandinavia is still 'rebounding' from the enormous weight of the ice, growing out of the sea several millimeters a year.
The melting ice has left behind a lot of water, Norway has at least 450,000 freshwater lakes, almost all of them were created by glacial erosion. Norway's lakes come in all shapes and sizes, beside fjords (saltwater inlets and long, narrow fresh water lakes), there are Sjøs and Mjøs (large lakes), Vatn and Tjerns (smaller lakes and tarns). Norway's largest lakes are the 117 km long Mjøsa, the Røssvatnet, a lake and reservoir; the 60 km long and 9 km wide Femund is Norway's second largest natural lake.
Norway's main rivers are the Glomma, the longest and largest river in the country (600 km (373 mi)), the Pasvikelva (outlet of Lake Inari, Finland), Numedalslågen, 250 km long river in southern Norway, and the Gudbrandsdalslågen, an outlet of lake Lesjaskogsvatnet.
Norway has rarely cultivated land (3.3%), more than one-third of Norway is forested (38%), mainly deciduous forests in south, boreal coniferous forests in Central Norway, the country's northern territory is covered with extensive coniferous taiga forests.
Norway is among the most sparsely populated countries in the Europe with a population of just 5,27 million people (in 2017). The southern portion of the country is the most populated part of Norway.
Oslo (formerly Kristiania), the national capital; Bergen, the former capital and Hanseatic League city; Trondheim, the first capital of Norway, known then by the name Nidaros (in medieval times); Stavanger, the "Oil Capital of Norway" and administrative center of Rogaland county, combined with Sandnes it is ranked 3rd by pop./conurbation; Kristiansand, port and largest city in southern Norway (pop. 88,600), Fredrikstad at the Glomma river (pop. 80,200); Tromsø, university town and largest urban area in Northern Norway (pop. 73,500); Drammen, port city and an important railway hub, it is a main port for car import in Norway, it is the center of one of the fastest growing city regions in Norway, located at Drammensfjord in Buskerud county (pop. 62,600); Skien, a port town in Telemark county (pop. 54,000) and one of Norway's oldest cities and the birthplace of the 19th-century Norwegian dramatist Henrik Ibsen.
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Political Map of Norway
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Maps of other Countries in Northern Europe
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Interactive Maps of other Countries and Regions in Northern Europe:
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