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Destination Monaco, a principality on the Mediterranean coast near the border to Italy. The city state forms an enclave within France. Official language is French. It is the smallest sovereign state in the world apart from the Vatican.
Location map of Monaco
Monaco was ruled by the Genoese from medieval times and by the Grimaldi family from 1297. It became a constitutional monarchy in 1911.
Today about 38,400 people live in the principality on an area of just 2 km² making it the most densely populated city on earth (see: Countries with the highest population density).
Principality of Monaco | Principaute de Monaco
Founded in 1215 as a colony of Genoa, Monaco has been ruled by the House of Grimaldi since 1297, when François Grimaldi, known as "Malizia" seized Monaco's fortress in response to the exile imposed upon the Guelfs. For seven centuries the Grimaldi family has presided over the Principality of Monaco, the only exception to this was from 1789 to 1814, when Monaco was under French control. Designated as a protectorate of Sardinia from 1815 until 1860 by the Congress of Vienna, Monaco's sovereignty was recognized by the Franco-Monegasque Treaty of 1861.
The Principality at the Côte d'Azur has only one commune, Monaco, whose limits are the same as those of the state.
Economic development was spurred in the late 19th century with a railroad linkup to France and the opening of a casino in Monte-Carlo.
On 11 April 1950 Prince Rainier officially became monarch, succeeding his grandfather Prince Louis II. With the marriage to U.S. actress Grace Kelly in 1956, Prince Rainier brought Hollywood glamor to his tiny Mediterranean state and put Monaco on the international stage. Since then, the principality's mild climate, splendid scenery and gambling facilities have made Monaco world famous as a tourist and recreation center and a haven for really rich people.
On 6 April 2005 Prince RAINIER III has died aged 81.
Principaute de Monaco
short form: Monaco
int'l long form: Principality of Monaco
int'l short form: Monaco
ISO Country Code: mc, mco
Time Zone: Central European Time (CET)
Local Time = UTC +1h
Actual Time: Fri-June-22 12:50
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2h)
Country Calling Code: +377
Capital City: Monaco (pop. 32 020)
Type: Constitutional monarchy.
Chief of state: Prince RAINIER III (since 9 May 1949)
Constitution: 17 December 1962 (amended in April 2002).
Location: Western Europe, bordering the Mediterranean Sea on the southern coast of France, near the border with Italy.
Area: 1.95 km² (0.75 sq. mi); about the size of New York City's Central Park.
Terrain: Hilly, rugged.
Climate: Mediterranean with mild winters and hot, dry but sea breezes cooled summers.
Population (2015): 38,400, about 20,000 of them are millionaires.
Ethnic groups (2000 census): Monegasque 19%, French 32%, Italian 20%, other 29%.
Religions: Roman Catholic 90%, other 10%.
Languages: French (official), English, Italian, and Monegasque (a blend of French and Italian).
Natural resources: none
Agriculture products: none
Industries: Tourism, construction, small-scale industrial and consumer products.
Exports - partners: Europe 73.2%, Africa 14.6%, America 5.2%, Asia 4.9% (2013 est.)
Imports - partners: Europe 70.4%, Asia 20.8%, America 4.4%, Africa 4.1% (2013 est.)
Currency: Euro (EUR)
Note: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Sites of Monaco
Principauté de Monaco
The Principality of Monaco, the official site of the Government of Monaco.
Official Web Site of the Princely Palace.
Consulate General of Monaco in New York
Interactive Map of Monaco
Political Map of Monaco.
Google Earth Map Monaco
Searchable map and satellite view Monaco.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
Image: © José Luiz Bernardes Ribeiro
Daily Monaco related news magazine.
News for the Côte d'Azur region (in French).
Daily news from the French Riviera.
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & Culture
ACM - Automobile Club de Monaco
ACM Official Web Portal.
Les Ballets de Monte-Carlo
The Monte-Carlo Ballet.
Casino de Monte-Carlo
The official site of the Casino Monte-Carlo.
Monaco's Congress Center.
Monte-Carlo Country Club
Monegasque Sportsmen's Country Club.
Monte Carlo Television Festival
Celebrating the creative arts.
Musée Naval de Monaco
Naval Museum Monaco (in French).
Musée Océanographique de Monaco
The Oceanographic Museum (in French).
Opéra de Monte-Carlo
The Opera of Monte-Carlo (in French).
Orchestre Philharmonique de Monte-Carlo
The Philharmonic Orchesta of Monaco (in French).
World Music Awards
Tribute to the very best in contemporary music from around the globe.
Automobile Club de Monaco
Monaco Yacht Show
Boats, fashionable boats, and very fashionable boats.
Yacht Club de Monaco
More very fashionable boats.
Business & Economy
Banque et Finance à Monaco Monte-Carlo
Extensive list of Banks and Financial Institutions of Monaco.
Chambre de Developpement Economique
Chamber of Economic Development.
Jeune Chambre Economique
Monaco Junior Chamber of Commerce (in French).
World Trade Center Monaco
Organisation supporting international business trade.
La Manufacture de Monaco
Nice International Airport
13.7 miles away from Monaco.
L'Aeroport de Cannes Mandelieu
Information on Cannes' airport.
HELI AIR Monaco
Compagnie des Autobus de Monaco
La nouvelle gare de Monaco
Monaco's new railway station.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Monaco - Travel and Tour Guides
Monaco Tourist Authority
The Monaco Tourist Authority site with a list of Monaco events (French/English).
Monaco Government Tourist Office New York
Comité Régional Du Tourisme Riviera Côte d'Azur
The French Riviera Côte d'Azur Regional Tourist Board.
MONACO Online is a privately funded service and is not directly connected to the Government of Monaco.
Discover the many facets of the Principality of Monaco
Palais de Monaco - Prince's Palace
Site for Grands appartements (in French).
__Hotels (all of them have some more stars)
Monte Carlo Société de Bains de Mer
Here you can book all the Grand Hotels of Monaco.
Hôtel de Paris Monte-Carlo
Le Métropole Palace Hôtel
Monte Carlo Grand Hotel
International University of Monaco
IUM is an independent educationial institution located in the Principality of Monaco, founded in 1986; the English-language university offering degrees in business.
Environment & Nature
Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area
Jardin exotique de Monaco
The Exotic Garden of Monaco
The RAMOGE Agreement signed by the Governments of France, Monaco and Italy to ensure the preventing and combating pollution of the marine environment.
A brief history of Monaco.
Genealogical Tree of Grimaldi Family Reign
700 years of the Grimaldi Family.
History of Monaco
The History of Monaco Monte-Carlo and the Grimaldi Family.
Account of Monaco's history by the Consulate General of Monaco in New York.
Sources and additional Information on Monaco
BBC Country Profile: Monaco
The World Factbook -- Monaco
Other Countries in Western Europe
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Major Cities in the Mediterranean
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