The map shows the Iberian Peninsula
with Spain, officially the Kingdom of Spain (Span.: Reino de España), a state in southwestern Europe with two exclaves in North Africa. Spain's mainland is bounded by the Pyrenees
mountain range in the northeast, the Bay of Biscay
, a gulf of the northeast Atlantic Ocean in the north, the Gulf of Cadiz
and the Strait of Gibraltar
in the south, and the Mediterranean Sea
in the south and east. In the west, Spain surrounds Portugal
on two sides.
With an area
of 505,992 km², Spain is the third-largest country in Europe if Russia is not counted. Compared, the country is somewhat larger than twice the size of the United Kingdom
, or slightly more than twice the size of the U.S. state of Oregon
The Kingdom of Spain has a population
of 47.1 million people (in 2020), the capital and largest city is Madrid
with 3.2 million inhabitants. Spoken languages
(official), co-official languages are Catalan, Galician, Basque, and Occitan.
More about Spain
Administrative Map of Spain (without the Canary Islands)
Spain is bordered by Portugal
in the west, by France
in the northeast. It shares borders with Morocco
at the Spanish coastal exclaves of Ceuta and Melilla, the two permanently inhabited Spanish autonomous cities in Northern Africa
Spain also shares maritime borders with Algeria
The territory of Spain includes two archipelagos, the Balearic Islands
(Majorca, Minorca, Ibiza, and Formentera) in the Mediterranean Sea, and the Canary Islands
(Tenerife, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, La Palma, La Gomera, and El Hierro) in the Atlantic Ocean, west off the coast of Morocco.
on Tenerife is Spain's highest mountain with an altitude of 3,718 m. Mt. Mulhacén
on the mainland is the highest mountain on the Iberian Peninsula at 3,478 m.
(Tajo, Tejo), which flows through Spain and Portugal, is the longest river on the Iberian Peninsula. The Ebro
is the longest river that flows entirely within Spain.
And there is Gibraltar, the tiny British Overseas Territory, one small jut dangling from the peninsula, is still a disputed area. Spain's irredentist claims on Gibraltar escalated when Spain threatened to take control of Gibraltar "the very next day" after a British withdrawal from the EU.
Spain's landscape offers a variety of sceneries, from soaring peaks in its mountain ranges to a Mediterranean flair in the south, from dense forests to wetlands and desert areas, deep canyons with spectacular waterfalls alternate with red-brown or white-colored villages and ancient castles.
Spain's weather patterns range from temperate Atlantic in the north to a Mediterranean climate in the south. The northern regions experience cool summers, mild winters, and year-round rainfall, the interior has hot, dry summers and cold winters, with snow on the higher elevations. The Mediterranean regions enjoy a subtropical climate.
The map shows the location of the following Spanish cities and towns:
A Coruña, Albacete, Alicante, Almeria, Avila, Badajoz, Barcelona, Benidorm, Bilbao, Burgos, Cáceres, Cádiz, Cartagena, Castellón de la Plana, Ciudad Real, Córdoba, Cuenca, Elche, Figueres, Gijón, Granada, Huelva, Leon, Lleida, Lloret de Mar, Logroño, Lugo, Madrid, Málaga, Marbella, Merida, Murcia, Oran, Ourense, Oviedo, Pamplona, Pontevedra, Salamanca, Santander, Santiago de Compostela, Segovia, Sevilla, Tarragona, Teruel, Toledo, Valencia, Valladolid, Zamora, and Zaragoza.
Palma, Ibiza (town)
North Africa (Morocco)
Ceuta, and Melilla