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Hohenzollern Castle (Burg Hohenzollern) atop Mount Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern Castle (Burg Hohenzollern) is the ancestral seat of the imperial House of Hohenzollern. The castle stands on the Hohenzollernberg, south of Hechingen, on the edge of the Swabian Alb in Baden-Württemberg.
Image: kk nationsonline.org

About Germany


Germany Flag
Germany (German: Deutschland), officially the Federal Republic of Germany is a sovereign state in central Europe, bordered in the north by the North Sea, the Baltic Sea, and Denmark, in the west by the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, and France, in the south by Switzerland, and Austria, and in the east by Czechia, and Poland. Additionally, the country shares maritime borders with Sweden and the United Kingdom.

With an area of 357,022 km², Germany is the seventh-largest country by area in Europe, compared it is about two-thirds the size of France, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Montana.

Germany has a population of 83,2 million people (in 2020); the capital and largest city is Berlin, with almost 3.8 million inhabitants.

The official language is German (Standard German, German: Hochdeutsch), a variety of German dialects are spoken in specific regions. About 50 % of the Germans can speak English as a second language.
 
Map of Germany

Political Map of Germany

Political Map of Germany, Western Europe.


The map shows Germany and surrounding countries with international borders, the national capital Berlin, capitals of states (Bundesländer), major cities, main roads, railroads, and major airports.

You are free to use the above map for educational purposes (fair use); please refer to the Nations Online Project.

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More about Germany


Topographic elevation map of Germany.
Topographic map of Germany with major cities.

Germany's Main Geographical Regions  


Three major natural areas are making up the topography of Germany.

The North German Plain
The North German Plain (Norddeutsches Tiefland) is a widespread lowland in the northern third of the country. Within the North German Plain lies Schleswig-Holstein and Lower Saxony with Bremen and Hamburg, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, with its many glacier-formed lakes, and Berlin within Brandenburg, most of Saxony-Anhalt and parts of North Rhine-Westphalia and Saxony.


The Central Uplands
South of the northern lowland, there are the Central Uplands, in Germany known as Mittelgebirge. The large, fertile area of low mountains, hill ranges, and ridges covers the better part of Germany. These in parts densely wooded range of hills are found in Thuringia, Hesse, the Saarland, Rhineland-Palatinate, and Bavaria.
Those to some extent densely wooded range of hills are found in Thuringia, Hesse, the Saarland, Rhineland-Palatinate, and Bavaria. The altitudes of these low mountain ranges are between 300 m and 1493 m, which is the height of the Feldberg's central peak, the highest mountain in Germany outside the Alps, located in the Black Forest in Baden-Wurttemberg.


Alpenvorland and the Alps
The broad strip of land between the Danube and the northern edge of the Alps in Germany's southern border area is known as the Alpine Foreland (Ger.: Alpenvorland).

In the country's southern-most part are the Bavarian Alps, the northern part of the Alps that lie within Bavarian state territory. It is also the location of the highest point in Germany, the Zugspitze with 2,962 m, the highest peak of the Wetterstein Mountains.



The map shows the location of following cities, towns:
Largest Cities (pop. 2019) after Berlin (pop. 3.8 million) are Hamburg (1.9 million), a primary port, Germany's "Gateway to the World." Munich (München, pop.: 1.48 million), capital and largest city of Bavaria, founded in the 12th century by Benedictine monks. Cologne / Köln (1.1 million), a major center of art, trade, and carnival, founded by the Romans in 50 AD. Frankfurt (Main, pop.: 761,500), the largest city in Hesse, known as the leading financial center in continental Europe. Stuttgart (635,000), the capital of Baden-Württemberg, also known as Schwabenmetropole (Swabian metropolis). Düsseldorf (622,000), state of the art culture, fashion, and business. The cities of Dortmund, Bochum, Essen, and Duisburg in the Ruhr region form the fifth-largest urban area in Europe.

The center of Cologne (Köln) at the River Rhine with the Dom, the Cologne cathedral.
The center of Cologne (Köln) at the River Rhine. From left to right: Philharmonie (symphonic concert hall), Museum Ludwig (modern art museum), the Dom (Cologne cathedral), Hohenzollern Bridge, the Central Station, and the Musical Dome. Colonius, the Cologne telecommunications tower in the background center.
Image: Thomas Wolf

 
More German cities:

Aachen, Augsburg, Baden-Baden, Bayreuth, Berchtesgaden, Bielefeld, Bonn, Braunschweig (Brunswick), Bremen, Bremerhaven, Chemnitz, Coburg, Cottbus, Cuxhaven, Darmstadt, Dessau, Detmold, Dresden, Eberswalde, Eckernförde, Eisenach, Emden, Erfurt, Erlangen, Fehmarn, Flensburg, Freiburg, Fulda, Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Gera, Giessen, Görlitz, Göttingen, Greifswald, Güstrow, Hagen, Halle, Hamm, Hannover, Heidelberg, Heilbronn, Hildesheim, Hoyerswerda, Husum, Ingolstadt, Jena, Karlsruhe, Kassel, Kempten, Kiel, Koblenz, Konstanz, Köln, Leipzig, Lübeck, Lüneburg, Magdeburg, Mainz, Mannheim, Marburg, Münster, Neubrandenburg, Neuruppin, Nuremberg (Nürnberg), Oldenburg, Osnabrück, Paderborn, Passau, Pforzheim, Potsdam, Regensburg, Reutlingen, Rosenheim, Rostock, Saarbruecken, Salzgitter, Salzwedel, Schwerin, Siegen, Sigmaringen, Singen, Stralsund, Stuttgart, Templin, Trier, Tübingen, Ueckermünde, Ulm, Wetzlar, Wiesbaden, Wismar, Wittenberg, Wolfsburg, Würzburg, Zwickau.
 

Weather Conditions Berlin:

BERLIN WEATHER
 


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Major Cities in Western Europe
Amsterdam, Berlin, Bern, Brussels, Luxembourg (City), Monaco, Nice, Paris, Rotterdam, The Hague, Vaduz, Vienna (Wien), Zurich

Searchable Maps of other Countries in Western Europe:
Austria | Belgium | France | Liechtenstein | Monaco | Luxembourg | Netherlands | Switzerland

Maps of Other Countries in Western Europe:
 Austria Map, Belgium Map, France Map, Netherlands Map, Switzerland Map
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