Iceberg with a hole in the strait between Langø and Sanderson Hope south of Upernavik, Greenland.
The map shows Greenland, the largest (non-continental) island in the world. The island is located in North America between the North Atlantic Ocean and the Arctic Ocean, northeast of Canada
In 1953, Greenland's colonial status ended when the island was incorporated into the realm of the Kindom of Denmark
as a province. In 1979, Greenland was granted home rule; it is now a self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark.
The island has an area
of 2,166,086 km², making it the 12th largest country in the world. Compared, it is almost four times the size of France
or slightly more than three times the size of the U.S. state
. More than two-thirds of Greenland's area lies within the Arctic Circle.
Highest point is Gunnbjørn Fjeld at 3,700 m.
Greenland has a population
of 55,992 (Jan 2019). Capital is Nuuk
; spoken languages
are Greenlandic (Kalaallisut) an Eskimo–Aleut language and Danish.
Hidden for all of human history, a 740 km (460 mi) long canyon has been discovered below Greenland's ice sheet. The subglacial canyon, carved into Greenland's bedrock was dubbed Greenland's 'Grand Canyon'. The image was compiled using radar data from NASA's Operation IceBridge and other airborne campaigns.
Greenland lies under a flat to gradually sloping ice sheet which covers all but a narrow, mountainous, rocky coast. The icecap has an area of 1.75 million km² (almost the size of Mexico), with an average thickness of 2.3 km (1.4 mi), and holds estimated 7 percent of the world's freshwater. Greenland's more than fifty glaciers move ice steady from the interior of the territory to the coast of the North Atlantic, where it breaks off as icebergs and eventually melt into the ocean.
The Greenland ice sheet has been one of the largest contributors to global sea-level rise over the past 20 years. A significant portion of this contribution is associated with the speed-up of an increased number of glaciers in southeast and northwest Greenland.
From 1996 to 2005 the velocity of many of Greenland's glaciers increased from 90 cubic km (22 cubic miles) per year to 220 cubic km (53 cubic miles) per year.
As temperatures around the world slowly climb, meltwaters from these vast stores of ice add to rising sea levels. Greenland could raise the sea level by 7 meters (23 feet) if its ice melted completely. If the ice melted completely, we would be surprised by the fact that Greenland is not one but made up of two or three islands surrounding a vast sea.
Hidden underneath the ice is Greenland's 'Grand Canyon,' a recent discovery by NASA's Operation IceBridge in 2009, ice-penetrating radar data showed a huge subglacial canyon, carved into Greenland's bedrock. The depression is described as a mega-canyon, more than 400 miles long and up to a half mile deep.
Map of Greenland
Political Map of Greenland
The map shows Greenland and surrounding countries with international borders, the national
capital Nuuk, governorate capitals, major cities, main roads, railroads, and major airports.
You are free to
use above map for educational purposes, please refer to the Nations Online Project.
More about Greenland
Topographic map of Greenland's bedrock (no ice). Greenland is not one but made up of two or three main islands which surround a vast sea.
Largest towns and settlements in Greenland.
is Greenland's capital and largest city, population: 17,000.
(formerly Holsteinsborg) is the second-largest town in Greenland with 5,600 inhabitants; the majority are descendants form Thule people, it is the administrative center of the Qeqqata Municipality.
(formerly Jakobshavn) is a coastal town in western Greenland; population: 4,500; the nearby Ilulissat Icefjord
is a UNESCO World Heritage Site).
(formerly Julianehåb) is the most populous town in southern Greenland; population: 3160; nearby is Hvalsey, Greenland's largest, best-preserved Norse ruins.
was founded in 1759, it is located on Aasiaat island at the southern end of Disko Bay; population: 3,100).
, the town is a port of call for the Arctic Umiaq ferry; population: 2,670.
is one of the few towns on the eastern coast, population: 2100; the Sermilik glaciology research station is located nearby; just 1 day on foot.
, formerly Frederikshåb; a town in southwestern Greenland in the Sermersooq municipality on the coast of the Labrador Sea.
, a town with a natural deep water harbor at the shore of Tunulliarfik Fjord; population: 1,527.
, the "Place Where the Polar Bears Go;" it is the southernmost town in Greenland with a population of 1,260; this area was one of the first parts of Greenland settled by the Norse people.