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Most Widely Spoken Languages

___ Official and Spoken Languages of European Countries.

List of official, national and spoken Languages of Europe.

European Day of LanguagesEurope is a continent with many countries (about 50) and almost each country has its own language, known as the national language. Some countries have even more than one national language.

At the fringes of the countries languages may overlap and used interchangeable, this means, people in the border regions of countries might understand and speak the language of the neighboring country.

Is there a common language in Europe so that all Europeans can talk to each other?

Eh, no, not really. There are Europeans who have learned Spanish, French, German, English, or even Latin as a second language, so they might be able to use it in the country where those languages are spoken.

On the other hand, English is on the rise used not only in Europe as a lingua franca, escpecially by the younger generation of Europeans, even so France tried hard to protect its citizens from the unwanted influence of English on French (language) culture.

However, the EU, the European union of 28 member states has 24 official languages, but in practice only two are used most often: English and French.
European Countries


Official and national Languages

Other spoken Languages
Albania Albanian (Shqip, Tosk (Toskë) is the official dialect) Shqip-Gheg dialect (Gegë), Greek, Italian
Andorra Catalan French, Castilian, Portuguese
Austria German, Slovene (official in Carinthia), Croatian and Hungarian (official in Burgenland)  
Belarus Belarusian, Russian  
Belgium Dutch 60%, French 40%, German less than 1%  
Bosnia & Herzegovina Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian  
Bulgaria Bulgarian Turkish
Croatia Croatian (hrvatski)  
Cyprus Greek, Turkish, English  
Czech Republic Czech (cestina)  
Denmark Danish (dansk) Standard German
Estonia Estonian (eesti keel) Russian, Ukrainian, Finnish
Faroe Islands Faroese, Danish  
Finland Finnish (suomi) 93.4%, Swedish 5.9% small Sami- and Russian-speaking minorities
France French (français)  
Germany German (Deutsch)  
Gibraltar English Llanito (a mixture of Spanish and English), Spanish
Greece Greek (elliniká, the Koine-Demotic version) Turkish (Northern Greece)
Greenland Greenlandic Inuktitut (Kalaallisut), Danish  
Hungary Hungarian (magyar) German, Romanian
Iceland Icelandic English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken.
Ireland Irish (Gaeilge), English (generally used),  
Italy Italian (italiano)  
Latvia Latvian (latviesu valoda) Lithuanian, Russian
Liechtenstein German  
Lithuania Lithuanian (lietuviu kalba) Polish, Russian
Luxembourg Luxembourgish (LÎtzebuergesch, the everyday spoken language), French (administrative language), German (administrative language)  
Macedonia, Rep. of Macedonian 68%, Albanian 25%  
Malta Maltese (Malti) English
Moldova Moldovan (virtually the same as the Romanian language), Russian, Gagauz (a Turkish dialect)
Monaco French Monegasque, English, Italian,
Montenegro Serbo-Croatian (Ijekavian dialect - official)  
Netherlands Dutch (Nederlands, official language), Frisian (official language)  
Norway Norwegian (nynorsk and bokmal) small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities
Poland Polish (polski)  
Portugal Portuguese (português)  
Romania Romanian (romana) Hungarian, German
Russian Federation Russian  
San Marino Italian  
Serbia Serbian 95%, Albanian 5%  
Slovakia Slovak (slovensky jazyk) Hungarian
Slovenia Slovenian (slovenski jezik)  
Spain Spanish (español - the Castilian version) 74%, Catalan 17%, Galician 7%, Basque 2% note: Castilian is the official language nationwide; the other languages are official regionally.
Sweden Swedish (svenska) small Sami- and Finnish-speaking minorities.
Switzerland German 63.7%, French 19.2%, Italian 7.6%, Romansch 0.6%  
Turkey Turkish (türkçe) Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, Greek
Ukraine Ukrainian  
United Kingdom English Welsh (about 26% of the population of Wales), Scottish form of Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland)
Vatican City State Latin, Italian French and various other languages.

Sources: Ethnologue, ISO Country Names (ISO 3166-1), ISO Languages Names (ISO 639-1), and others.
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