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Image: Bernard Gagnon
___ Reference Maps of Arizona
Time zone: Mountain
Arizona doesn't observe daylight saving time apart from the Navajo Nation
Arizona is a landlocked US state situated in the southwestern United States, north of Mexico.
The state is bordered by Utah to the north, by New Mexico to the east, to the south by the states of Sonora and Baja California (Mexico), and to the west by California and Nevada.
The area was colonized by Spain in 1598. Arizona was part of New Spain until 1821, and then part of the short-lived Mexican Empire which became the United Mexican States. In 1846 United States forces invaded and occupied the region then known as New Mexico.
The area was organized as a US territory in 1863 from lands ceded by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848. Copper was discovered in 1854, and copper mining was Arizona’s chief industry until the 1950s.
Arizona was the 48th state and the last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union on 14th February 1912.
Arizona occupies an area of 295,234 km² (113,990 sq mi) , compared Arizona would fit into Texas about 2.4 times, the state is slightly smaller than Italy (301,318 km²) or the Philippines (300,000 km²).
Highlights of Arizona's Landscape
Arizona is known for its desert landscape in the southern half.
Image: Joe Parks
The Colorado Plateau in the northern part of the state is largely made up of high desert, with scattered areas of forests. Part of the plateau is the Painted Desert and the Petrified Forest National Park.
On the Arizona-Utah state line there is Monument Valley with its well known sandstone buttes, the tallest reaching 300 m (1,000 ft) above the valley floor. The valley has been featured in many movies, especially Western movies.
Humphreys Peak is the highest natural point in the state with 3,852 m (12,637 ft) located within the Kachina Peaks Wilderness about 18 km (11 miles) north of Flagstaff.
Major Rivers in Colorado are, the Colorado River, one of the principal rivers of the Southwestern United States, the Little Colorado River, a tributary of the Colorado which provides the principal drainage from the Painted Desert region, and the Gila River, another major tributary of the Colorado River; the Salt River is the largest tributary of the Gila River; the Verde River is a major tributary of the Salt River; the Santa Cruz River in southern Arizona and northern Sonora in Mexico is another major tributary of the Gila River; the Puerco River in northeastern Arizona drains an arid terrain, including parts of the Painted Desert. The Virgin River, a tributary of the Colorado forms the north arm of Lake Mead. The source of the San Francisco River is near Alpine, Arizona, it flows later into the upper Gila River. The San Pedro River in southern Arizona is also a tributary of the Gila River.
Image: Paul Hermans
Arizona has a dry desert climate with very hot summers and temperate winters.
World Heritage Site
Arizona has one UNESCO World Heritage Site. In the north western part of the state is one of America's best known natural landmarks, the Grand Canyon. It is quite certainly the most spectacular gorge on this planet.
The steep-sided canyons of layered bands of red rock is formed by the Colorado River and its tributaries over a period of the past 2 billion years. The canyon is 446 km (277 mi) long, and up to 29 km (18 mi) wide, and in places over 1,500 m (nearly 1 mile) deep.
Grand Canyon National Park is one of 23 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the US.
Image: Roger Bolsius
The Grand Canyon State (Arizona's nickname) has a population of 7 million (2017 est.) ; capital and largest city is Phoenix, second-largest city is Tucson with more than half a million people, largest metro area is Phoenix Metropolitan Area (pop. 4.2 million).
Other major cities (pop. more than 200,000) are Mesa, Chandler, Glendale, Scottsdale, and Gilbert.
Busiest airport is Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport (IATA code: PHX).
The detailed map below shows the US state of Arizona with boundaries, the location of the state capital Phoenix, major cities and populated places, streams and lakes, interstate highways, principal highways, and railroads.
Cities in Arizona
Map shows the location of following cities and towns in Arizona:
Major cities are: Phoenix, Tucson, Scottsdale, Tempe, Mesa, Glendale.
Other cities and towns in Arizona:
Ajo, Alpine, Ash Fork, Benson, Bisbee, Buckeye, Bullhead City, Camp Verde, Casa Grande, Chandler, Chinle, Clifton, Colorado City, Cottonwood, Douglas, Eagar, Eloy, Flagstaff, Florence, Gila Bend, Globe, Grand Canyon, Green Valley, Holbrook, Kayenta, Kingman, Lake Havasu City, Lukeville, Marana, Miami, Nogales, Oro Valley, Page, Parker, Payson, Peach Springs, Polacca, Prescott, Quartzite, Safford, San Luis, Sedona, Sells, Show Low, Sierra Vista, Snowflake, St Johns, Superior, Tombstone, Tuba City, Wickenburg, Willcox, Williams, Window Rock (Capital of Navajo Nation), Winslow, and Yuma.
Reference Map of Arizona
You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use), please refer to the Nations Online Project.
Map is based on a state map of The National Atlas of the USA.
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