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___ Reference Map of Arizona
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Arizona is a landlocked US state situated in the southwestern United States, north of Mexico.
The state is bordered by Utah to the north, by New Mexico to the east, to the south by the states of Sonora and Baja California (Mexico), and to the west by California and Nevada.
Arizona was part of New Spain until 1821, and then part of the short-lived Mexican Empire which became the United Mexican States.
The area was organized as a US territory in 1863 from lands ceded by the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo in 1848 and the Gadsden Purchase in 1853. Arizona was the 48th state and the last of the contiguous states to be admitted to the Union on 14th February 1912.
area of 295,234 km² (113,990 sq mi) , compared Arizona would fit into Texas about 2.4 times, the state is slightly smaller than Italy (301,318 km²) or the Philippines (300,000 km²).
Arizona is known for its desert landscape in the southern half.
The Colorado Plateau in the northern part of the state is largely made up of high desert, with scattered areas of forests. Part of the plateau is the Painted Desert and the Petrified Forest National Park.
On the Arizona-Utah state line there is Monument Valley with its well known sandstone buttes, because the valley has been featured in many Hollywood movies, especially Westerns.
The state has a dry desert climate with very hot summers and temperate winters.
Humphreys Peak is the highest natural point in the state with 3,852 m (12,637 ft) located within the Kachina Peaks Wilderness about 18 km (11 miles) north of Flagstaff.
Colorado River and its tributaries, the Little Colorado River, and the Gila River; the Salt River is the largest tributary of the Gila River; the Verde River is a major tributary of the Salt River.
World Heritage Site
Arizona has one UNESCO World Heritage Site. In the north western part of the state is one of America's best known natural landmarks, the Grand Canyon. It is quite certainly the most spectacular gorge on this planet.
The steep-sided canyons of layered bands of red rock is formed by the Colorado River and its tributaries over a period of the past 2 billion years. The canyon is 446 km (277 mi) long, and up to 29 km (18 mi) wide, and in places over 1,500 m (nearly 1 mile) deep.
Grand Canyon National Park is one of 23 UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the US.
Image: Roger Bolsius
The Grand Canyon State (Arizona's nickname) has a population of 6,93 million (2017 est.) ; capital and largest city is Phoenix, second-largest city is Tucson with more than half a million people, largest metro area is Phoenix Metropolitan Area (pop. 4.2 million). Other major cities (pop. more than 200,000) are Mesa, Chandler, Glendale, Scottsdale, and Gilbert.
Image: Joe Parks
Busiest airport is Phoenix Sky Harbor International Airport (IATA code: PHX).
The detailed map below shows the US state of Arizona with boundaries, the location of the state capital Phoenix, major cities and populated places, streams and lakes, interstate highways, principal highways, and railroads.
Cities in Arizona
Map shows the location of following cities and towns in Arizona:
Major cities are: Phoenix, Tucson, Scottsdale, Tempe, Mesa, Glendale.
Other cities and towns in Arizona:
Ajo, Alpine, Ash Fork, Benson, Bisbee, Buckeye, Bullhead City, Camp Verde, Casa Grande, Chandler, Chinle, Clifton, Colorado City, Cottonwood, Douglas, Eagar, Eloy, Flagstaff, Florence, Gila Bend, Globe, Grand Canyon, Green Valley, Holbrook, Kayenta, Kingman, Lake Havasu City, Lukeville, Marana, Miami, Nogales, Oro Valley, Page, Parker, Payson, Peach Springs, Polacca, Prescott, Quartzite, Safford, San Luis, Sedona, Sells, Show Low, Sierra Vista, Snowflake, St Johns, Superior, Tombstone, Tuba City, Wickenburg, Willcox, Williams, Window Rock (Capital of Navajo Nation), Winslow, and Yuma.
Reference Map of Arizona
You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use), please refer to the Nations Online Project.
Map is based on a state map of The National Atlas of the USA.
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