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Image: Brian Hancill
___ Reference Map of Alabama (AL)
Mississippi and Georgia. It borders Tennessee in north along the 35th parallel north, and Florida in south, a small lobe of Alabama's southwestern land reaches the Gulf of Mexico.
The area what is today Alabama was visited by Spanish explorers in the mid 16th century and later colonized by settlers from France, who founded the first European settlement at Old Mobile (Fort Louis de La Louisiane). The region became part of Britain in 1763 and passed to the US in 1783. Statehood since 14th December 1819, as the 22nd state.
The state occupies an area of 135,765 km² (52,419 sq mi)  making it somewhat larger than Greece (131,957 km²). Nearly 70% of its area is covered by forest.
Alabama's Landscape offers 5 major physiographic regions, all of them are sections of the far greater geographic regions of the Eastern and South Eastern United States:
I. The Highland Rim section in north west is the southern portion of the Appalachian Highlands.
II. To the south east of the rim rises the dissected tableland of the Cumberland Plateau (aka Allegheny Plateau), the southern part of the Appalachian Plateau.
III. Further south east stretches out the belt of the Appalachian Ridge and Valley, a region with ridges along valleys in between, like the Red Mountain ridge that separates the Jones Valley from the Shades Valley south of Birmingham (AL).
IV. Between the Ridge and Valley area and the Atlantic Seaboard fall line dominates the Piedmont Upland Alabama's landscape, a triangular shaped area with rolling hills in the central eastern part of the state.
V. The Coastal Plain Province of Alabama is the largest geographic region (about 60%) in the state, mostly flat but here and there it offers some change in the landscape with some rounded and eroded hills, cuestas, flatwoods, and the floodplains of the Alabama and Black Warrior Rivers. 
Major rivers in Alabama are, the Alabama River with its tributaries the Coosa, Tallapoosa, Cahaba and Tombigbee rivers, and the Tennessee River, the largest tributary of the Ohio River crosses Alabama in north. The Chattahoochee River forms part of the border with Georgia. Largest lake is Lewis Smith Lake, a freshwater reservoir.
In the north eastern corner of the state is the Sand Mountain, a sandstone plateau, part of the southern tip of the Appalachian mountain chain. Highest point in Alabama is Mount Cheaha with 735.5 m (2,413 ft) located in Cheaha State Park .
Alabama has a population of 4.88 million people (2018 est.) ; state capital is Montgomery, largest city is industrialized Birmingham. Other major cities are, Mobile, a major port and the Cotton state's oldest city; Huntsville, Alabama's largest city by land area; and Tuscaloosa, which served as Alabama's capital city from 1826 to 1846.
Busiest airport in the state is Birmingham–Shuttlesworth International Airport, (IATA code: BHM).
Cities and Towns in Alabama
The map shows the location of following cities and towns in Alabama:
Image: James Willamor
Largest cities in Alabama with a population of more than 100,000:
Birmingham (212,000), Montgomery (206,000), Mobile (195,000), Huntsville (180,000)
Other cities and towns in Alabama:
Alexander City, Andalusia, Anniston, Athens, Atmore, Auburn, Bay Minette, Bessemer, Brewton, Butler, Camden, Centreville, Chickasaw, Clanton, Cullman, Daphne, Decatur, Demopolis, Dothan, Elba, Enterprise, Eufaula, Evergreen, Fairfield, Fayette, Florence, Fort Payne, Gadsden, Greenville, Gulf Shores, Guntersville, Haleyville, Hamilton, Hartselle, Homewood, Hoover, Jackson, Jasper, Lanett, Luverne, Madison, Marion, Opelika, Opp, Ozark, Phenix City, Prattville, Prichard, Roanoke, Russellville, Scottsboro, Selma, Sylacauga, Talladega, Thomasville, Troy, Tuscaloosa (fifth most populous city in Alabama with 90,000 people), Tuskegee, and Union Springs.
The detailed map below is showing the US state of Alabama with boundaries, the location of the state capital Montgomery, major cities and populated places, rivers, streams and lakes, interstate highways, principal highways, and railroads.
You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use), please refer to the Nations Online Project.
Reference Map of Alabama
Map is based on a state map of The National Atlas of the USA.
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