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Mount Elbert and Twin Lakes, Sawatch Range, Colorado
View of Mount Elbert from Twin Lakes, it is the highest summit of the Rocky Mountains and Colorado's highest peak, situated in the Sawatch Range in the center of the state.
Image: David Herrera

___ Reference Maps of Colorado (CO)

About Colorado


Colorado Flag
 
Time zone Mountain:
UTC −7/DST−6
Clock shows DST
Location map of Colorado state USA
Where in the United States is Colorado? Location map of Colorado in the US.



Colorado is one of the 50 US states. The landlocked state, named for the Colorado River, is situated in central United States, it is one of the three states (the others are Wyoming and Utah) that have only lines of latitude and longitude for boundaries.

Colorado is bordered to the north by Wyoming and Nebraska, to the east by Kansas, to the south by Oklahoma and New Mexico, and to the west by Utah.

A part of Colorado was acquired by the US with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 and the rest was ceded by Mexico in 1848.
Colorado joined the Union at 1st August 1876 as the 38th state.




Area
Colorado Topographic Regions Map Topographic Map of Colorado showing the location of the Southern Rocky Mountains and its sub ranges in west and the Great Plains of Colorado in east. (click the map to enlarge)


The Centennial State (its nickname) occupies an area of 269,837 km² (104,094 sq mi) [1], compared, it is about the size of New Zealand (270,467 km²) or somewhat larger than the United Kingdom (242,900 km²).




Colorado's Geographic regions
The state is dominated by the Southern Rocky Mountains in central west, a major subrange of the Rocky Mountains.
Highest point in Colorado is Mount Elbert at 4401 m (14,440 ft), it is the second highest peak in the contiguous United States after Mount Whitney in California. The semiarid Great Plains in east are the agricultural heartland of Colorado. Drought-resistant grama and buffalo grasses are the predominant natural vegetation.



Colorado's four geographic regions:

Storm over the Great Sand Dunes National Park in  Colorado
Storm over the Great Sand Dunes National Park in Colorado.
Image: Ron Cogswell
I. the Great Plains (High Plains) in east, characterized by flat prairie land with lots of prairie grass and little trees and shrubs.
II. the Rocky Mountains in the central west of the state, Colorado's share of the Rockies, the massive mountain range and its subranges dominate the central western third of the state.
III. the Colorado Plateau in west, a desert area of the Intermontane Plateaus, roughly centered on the Four Corners region (Arizona, Utah, Colorado, and New Mexico), characterized by sparsely vegetated plateaus, mesas, deep canyons, and barren badlands, [2] and
IV. a small area that lies north west of the Colorado Plateau known as the Intermontane Basin or Wyoming Basin, lying between the Middle Rockies and the Southern Rockies, the Wyoming Basin is an elevated depression. Characteristic features of the Wyoming Basin include hogbacks, cuestas, and numerous basins that are separated by mountains of varying size [3].




World Heritage Site
Cliff Palace in Mesa Verde National Park, Colorado
The Cliff Palace in Mesa Verde National Park is the largest cliff dwelling in North America built by ancient Pueblo people (Anasazi) on the Mesa Verde plateau between the 6th and 12th centuries.
Image: MPSharwood


Colorado has one World Heritage Site in Montezuma County in south-west Colorado.

A great concentration of ancestral Pueblo Indian dwellings, built from the 6th to the 12th century, can be found on the Mesa Verde plateau at an altitude of more than 2,600 m.

The Mesa Verde landscape contains a great number of Indian habitations built of sandstone and mud mortar, constructed by ancient Pueblo peoples on the Mesa Verde plateau between the 6th and 12th centuries.

The archaeological site is now known as Mesa Verde National Park official UNESCO website. The plateau at an altitude of more than 2,600 m contains also imposing cliff dwellings, built of stone and some comprising more than 100 rooms.

See also: Mesa Verde National Park (U.S. National Park Service).




Population
Colorado's State Capitol in Denver
Rendered image of Colorado's State Capitol in Denver. The National Historic Landmark building is home of the Colorado General Assembly.
Image: Google
Colorado has a population of 5.65 million people (est. 2018) [4]. Capital and largest city is Denver, largest metro area is Denver-Aurora-Lakewood, CO Metropolitan Statistical Area, where you can find half of the state's population (2.8 million).
Spanish is the second-most spoken language in Colorado, after English.

Largest airports in the state are Denver International Airport (IATA code: DEN), and City of Colorado Springs Municipal Airport (IATA code: COS).




Cities and Towns in Colorado

Skyline of Denver Colorado in Winter
Skyline of Denver Colorado in Winter.
Image: R0uge

Map shows the location of following cities and towns in Colorado:

Major cities are: Denver, Colorado Springs, Boulder, Fort Collins, and Aurora.

Other cities and towns in Colorado:
Akron, Alamosa, Antonito, Arvada, Aspen, Black Forest, Brighton, Broomfield, Brush, Burlington, Byers, Canon City, Castle Rock, Cheyenne Wells, Cortez, Craig, Cripple Creek, Del Norte, Delta, Dinasaur, Durango, Eads, Englewood, Estes Park, Fairplay, Florence, Fort, Fruita, Glenwood Springs, Granby, Grand Junction, Greeley, Gunnison, Holyoke, Idaho Springs, Julesburg, La Junta,
Maroon Bells area in Aspen, Colorado
The Maroon Bells area in Aspen, Colorado.
Image: Rhododendrites

Lakewood, Lamar, Las Animas, Last Chance, Leadville, Limon, Littleton, Longmont, Loveland, Meeker, Monte Vista, Montrose, Morgan, Orchard City, Ordway, Ouray, Pagosa Springs, Pueblo, Rangely, Rifle, Rocky Ford, Saguache, Salida, Security, Silverton, Springfield, Springs, Steamboat, Sterling, Telluride, Trinidad, Vail, Walden, Walsenburg, and Wray.  


The detailed map below shows the US state of Colorado with boundaries, the location of the state capital Denver, major cities and populated places, streams and lakes, interstate highways, principal highways, and railroads.


You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use), please refer to the Nations Online Project.

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Reference Map of Colorado
Reference Map of Colorado.


Map is based on a state map of The National Atlas of the USA.
 
Map of New Mexico Map of Arizona Map of Utah Map of Oklahoma Map of Kansas Map of Nebraska Map of Wyoming Map of the USA
More about Colorado and the United States:

Cities -- Information about, and a searchable maps of:
The states' capital Denver

U.S. States:
US State Capitals
Profile of the 50 U.S. States
Maps of the 50 U.S. States
Flags of the 50 U.S. States
Area of the 50 U.S. States
Population of the 50 U.S. States

Country:
Map of the USA
Reference Map of Mainland USA.
Searchable map/satellite view of the United States.
Time zone map of the USA
Major US Airports
Most populated cities in the U.S.
United States Country Profile

Continent:
Political Map of North America
Physical Map of North America
 
Denver Weather Conditions


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