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Time zone: Alaska
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Alaska is bordered by Canada (by the Canadian provinces of Yukon Territory and British Columbia) to the east, and it shares a maritime border with Russia to the west. The state's nickname is "The Last Frontier".
The history of Alaska dates back to the Upper Paleolithic period, genetic findings suggest that a single population of modern humans migrated from southern Siberia toward the land mass known as the Bering Land Bridge as early as 30,000 years ago, and crossed over to the Americas 16,500 years ago. . Because the Bering Land Bridge is now under water, archeological artifacts are practically nonexistent. However archeologists have discovered artifacts on land that provide evidence of human activity in North and South America dating roughly 12,000 years ago.
At the time of European contact by Russian explorers, the area was populated by Alaska Native groups.
The territory of Alaska was a Russian colony from the 1740s until 1867 when it was purchased from Russia. Admission to the Union on the 3rd January 1959, it was admitted as the 49th state.
After oil was discovered in 1968, a pipeline was completed in 1977 to carry the oil from the North Slope to the former Gold Rush town of Valdez, today one of the most important ports in Alaska.
Image: Diego DelsoThe state occupies an area of 1,723,337 km² (665,384 sq mi)  making it the largest state in the US, compared, it is three times the size of the Iberian Peninsula. Compared with other US states by area, Alaska is 2.5 times the size of Texas, but New Jersey would fit 76 times into Alaska.
Geography of Alaska
There are five major regions (from north to south):
1. Far North or Arctic Alaska, the vast area roughly north of the Yukon River and the Arctic Ocean. Originally inhabited by various Alaska Native groups living off hunting and fishing.
The Far North includes the Brook Range and the Arctic coastal tundra. Most of Arctic Alaska lies within the Arctic Circle. The area offers midnight sun in summer and polar nights in winter, the aurora borealis or "northern lights" may be seen between late August until April.
3. Alaska's Southwest region along Kuskokwim Bay and Bristol Bay includes the Nunivak Island, the Yukon Delta area, Alaska Peninsula and the Aleutian Islands chain, and the Kodiak Archipelago.
4. Southcentral Alaska, is situated roughly between the Alaska Range and the south coast at the Gulf of Alaska. Centered around Prince William Sound. The region is subdivided into the Mat-Su Valley (Matanuska-Susitna), the Copper River Valley, the Anchorage Area, and the Kenai Peninsula.
Image: naql5. The Alaskan portion of the Inside Passage, (aka the Alaska Panhandle, aka Southeast Alaska), is situated to the southeast of mainland Alaska. The region extends 840 km (520 mi) from northwest to southeast, between Canada's Yukon Territory and British Columbia, and the Gulf of Alaska, its landscape offers intricate fjords, glacier shaped
When the United States purchased Alaska from the Russians for $7.2 million, included in the package were all ten of the highest mountains in the US.
Number one in hight is Denali (also known as Mount McKinley and Bolshaya Gora), the highest mountain in Alaska, the United States, and North America at 6190 m (20,310 ft) is located in the Alaska Range in the southern part of the peninsula, it is the highest range in the world outside Asia and the Andes.
Largest natural freshwater lake is Iliamna, with 2,978 km² (1,150 sq mi). Alaska has 94 lakes with surface areas of more than 25 km² (10 sq mi) among Alaska's more than 3 million lakes.
Image: Vlad Karpinskiy
Longest river is the Yukon, with a length of 3,017 km (1,875 mi) in Alaska and 3,698 km (2,298 mi) total. There are more than 3,000 rivers in the state. The Yukon River ranks third in length of U.S. rivers, behind the Mississippi and Missouri rivers.
Alaska's other major rivers are the Colville River, one of the northernmost major rivers in North America empties into the Beaufort Sea (Arctic Ocean); the Noatak, a river north of the Arctic Circle, a long section of the Noatak is part of the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System; the Porcupine, a tributary of the
Yukon River; the Kobuk River in northwestern Alaska empties into the Kotzebue Sound; the Koyukuk in Central Alaska is a 684 km (425 mi) long major tributary of the Yukon River; the Tanana River in central-west of the state is a 940 km (584 mi) long tributary of the Yukon River, the Kuskokwim in Southwest Alaska provides the major drainage for a large area of the Alaska Interior, it empties into the Kuskokwim Bay on the Bering Sea; the Susitna River, the "sandy river" empties into the Cook Inlet of the Pacific Ocean; the Copper River drains a large region of the Wrangell and the Chugach Mountains, it flows into into the Gulf of Alaska.
Image: Bill Raften
Largest island is Kodiak Island in the Gulf of Alaska, separated from Alaska's mainland by the Shelikof Strait, the island has an area of 9,293 km² (3,588 sq mi), making it slightly larger than Cyprus. There are 1,800 named islands in the state, 1,000 of which are located in Southeast Alaska.
Largest glacier is the Bering Glacier complex, with 5,827 km² (2,250 sq mi), the complex includes the Bagley Icefield. Ice fields cover approximately 5% of the state, about 75,110 km² (29,000 sq mi). 
World Heritage Site
Alaska shares a UNESCO World Heritage Site with Canada. The site is named Kluane / Wrangell-St. Elias / Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek .
Image: Ivan Wong Rodenas
The national parks and protected wilderness areas along the border of Canada and the United States contain some of the highest peaks in North America, the largest non-polar icefield in the world as well as examples of some of the world’s longest and most spectacular glaciers.
The spectacular natural landscapes are an area of intense tectonic, volcanic, glacial and fluvial activities. They are home to an abundance of wildlife with grizzly bears, caribou, Alaskan moose, Canadian lynx, and Dall's sheep, marine mammals and anadromous fish.
Kluane National Park (http://www.pc.gc.ca/en/pn-np/yt/kluane), includes the highest mountain in Canada, Mount Logan (5,959 m or 19,551 ft).
Wrangell–St. Elias National Park, (https://www.nps.gov/wrst/) America's largest national park includes Mount St. Elias, the second highest mountain in both the United States and Canada (5,489 m or 18,008 feet).
Glacier Bay (https://www.nps.gov/glba/) Glacier Bay National Park, a wilderness area and a biosphere reserve in the Inside Passage (Alaska panhandle) west of Juneau. The park covers an area of 13,350 km² (5,150 sq mi) , features high peaks like Mount Fairweather, and glaciers like the vast Grand Pacific Glacier.
Tatshenshini-Alsek is a wilderness park in British Columbia, Canada, established in 1993 after an intensive campaign by Canadian and American conservation organizations to halt mining exploration and development in the area. 
This vast territory has a population of just 742,000 people (est. 2018) , it is the third least populated state in the US. Capital city is Juneau, located in the Alaskan panhandle in the southeast region (Inside Passage), largest and most populous city is Anchorage.
Image: Jay Galvin
Busiest airport is Ted Stevens Anchorage International Airport (IATA code: ANC).
Cities and Towns in Alaska
The map shows the location of following cities and towns in Alaska:
Largest cities in Alaska with a population of more than 10,000:
Anchorage (292,000), Fairbanks (32,000), Juneau (31,000), Badger (Fairbanks MSA), Knik-Fairview (Anchorage MSA), and College (Fairbanks MSA).
Other cities and towns in Alaska:
Image: Scott McMurren
Adak, Attu, Barrow, Bethel, Bettles, Chignik, Circle, Dillingham, Galena, Gambell, Glennallen, Holy Cross, Homer, Hooper Bay, Kenai, Ketchikan, King Salmon, Kodiak, Kotzebue, Nenana, Nome, Palmer, Prudhoe Bay, Selawik, Seward, Sitka, Skagway, Tok, Unalakleet, Unalaska, Valdez, Wainwright, and Wrangell.
The detailed map below is showing the US state of Alaska with boundaries, the location of the state capital Juneau, major cities and populated places, rivers and lakes, interstate highways, principal highways, and railroads.
You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use), please refer to the Nations Online Project.
Reference Map of Alaska
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