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Mississippi, one of the 50 US states, is situated in the Southern United States, known as the 'Dixie' region. The Magnolia State (Mississippi's official nickname) is part of the Bible Belt, a region of the southern and Midwestern US where Protestant fundamentalism is widely practiced.
Mississippi is bordered to the north by the state of Tennessee, the Tennessee River defines a short section of the Mississippi/Alabama border at its north eastern corner, the remaining part of the state border is more or less a straight line. The line essentially cuts in half what was formerly the entire Mississippi Territory. The lower Mississippi River forms the border with Arkansas and most of the border with Louisiana in west, the Pearl River forms the southern section of the Mississippi/Louisiana border.
Georgia and South Carolina, it was later twice expanded to include disputed territory claimed by both the U.S. and Spain. The United States claimed the territory south of the 31st parallel as part of the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. All of the area of Mississippi except the part south of the 31st parallel was included in the original territory of the United States. On the 10th December 1817, the western half of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Mississippi (as the 20th state) and the eastern half became the Alabama Territory until its admittance to the Union as the State of Alabama on 14 December 1819.
The state covers an area of 125,438 km² (48,432 sq mi)  making Mississippi about half the size of the United Kingdom.
Compared with other US states, Mississippi is five and a half times larger as New Jersey, but it would fit into Texas five and a half times as well.
The state lies entirely in the Central Lowland of the US, its flat landscape is crisscrossed by many rivers. Mississippi is located within two major regions in the United States: the Gulf Coastal Plain, the generally flat, broad, coastal region along the Gulf of Mexico, and the Mississippi Alluvial Plain, in the western portion of the state, known as the Mississippi Delta, and sometimes called the Yazoo-Mississippi Delta.
In south east Mississippi has a 120 km (75 mi) long coastline at the Gulf of Mexico. The coastline features a number of large bays, including the Bay of Saint Louis, Biloxi Bay, and Pascagoula Bay. The urban metropolitan area along the coast is Gulfport–Biloxi–Pascagoula, a combined statistical area with an estimated population of 400,000. The Mississippi District of the Gulf Islands National Seashore features natural beaches, some historic sites, wildlife sanctuaries, the Mississippi Sound and the Gulf Islands, which are only accessible by boat.
Mississippi is divided up into six major geographic regions: the Delta, the North Central Hills (or Red Clay Hills, or simply, the Hills), the Appalachian Foothills, the Black Prairie, the Piney Woods, and the Gulf Coast.
Image: Roger Smith
1. The Mississippi Delta in the eastern part of the state is not a delta but in reality a two hundred miles long alluvial plain created by regular flooding by the Mississippi and the Yazoo river. Before colonization the Delta was covered in hardwood forest, but European settlers developed it into one of the richest cotton-growing areas in the nation.
2. The Loess Bluffs or Loess Hills, in the eastern rim of the Delta are a narrow strip of hills and sharp bluffs along the lower Mississippi Valley, formed by windswept sand and clay deposits in the last ice age.
3. The North Central Hills (also known as the Red Clay Hills), the region is situated in central north of the state, the area got its name from the red color of its soil and the clay deposits there. The red clay soil supports only small farms.
4. To the east of the Central Hills are the Appalachian Foothills, a small portion of the Appalachians, an area in the extreme northeastern corner of the state. The hilly landscape and rocky soil allows only for small farming. Mississippi's highest elevation is in this area, Woodall Mountain a hill with an elevation of just 246 m (800 ft).
5. To the south of the Appalachian Foothills are four distinctive landforms, the Tombigbee Hills, along the border with Alabama, the Pontotoc Ridge, a highland area along the Central Hills, the Black Prairie, a region with fertile black soil excellent for agriculture, and the Flatwoods, a low-lying narrow region with heavy clay soils.
6. Most of southern Mississippi lies in the gently rolling Southern Pine Hills (Piney Woods).
Major rivers are, beside the Mississippi, the Big Black River, a tributary of the Mississippi which flows entirely in the state, the Pearl River is the longest river that is entirely within Mississippi, and the Yazoo river, a Mississippi tributary marks the eastern boundary of the Mississippi Delta.
Pickwick Lake, a reservoir at the Tennessee River, the lake is in three states Alabama, Mississippi, and Tennessee. The lake is the north end of the Tennessee-Tombigbee Waterway, which provides a water transportation route to the Gulf of Mexico.
Grenada Lake, the reservoir at the Yalobusha River was constructed to help control flooding along the Yazoo River Basin.
Sardis Lake, is a 400 km² reservoir at the Little Tallahatchie River
Mississippi's climate is subtropical humid, with long summers and short, mild winters.
Highest elevation in the state is Woodall Mountain, a hill of 246 m (800 ft) in Tishomingo County in the northeast part of the state.
"The Magnolia State" has a population of just 2.98 million people (est. 2018) , capital and largest city is Jackson. Second largest city is Gulfport, a major port on the on the Mississippi Sound (Gulf Coast), other major cities (with a population of more than 40,000) are, Southaven (a suburb of Memphis, Tennessee), Hattiesburg (a city which played a key role in the civil rights struggles of the 1960s ), Biloxi, and Meridian.
Busiest airports in the state are Jackson–Evers International Airport (IATA code: JAN) and Gulfport–Biloxi International Airport (IATA code: GPT).
Cities and Towns in Mississippi
The map shows the location of following cities and towns in Mississippi:
Capital and largest city is Jackson (173,000)
Gulfport (70,000), Southaven (50,000), Hattiesburg (47,000), Biloxi (45,000)
Population figures in 2014
Other cities and towns in Mississippi:
Aberdeen, Batesville, Belzoni, Brookhaven, Canton, Clarksdale, Cleveland, Collins, Columbia, Columbus, Corinth, Forest, Greenville, Greenwood, Grenada, Hazlehurst, Holly Springs, Indianola, Kosciusko, Laurel, Louisville, Magee, McComb, Meridian, Monticello, Natchez, New Albany, Oxford, Pascagoula, Philadelphia, Picayune, Senatobia, Starkville, Tupelo, Vicksburg, Water Valley, Waynesboro, and Yazoo City.
Image: Visit Mississippi
A detailed map showing the US state of Mississippi with boundaries, the location of the state capital Jackson, major cities and populated places, rivers and lakes, interstate highways, principal highways, and railroads.
You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use), please refer to the Nations Online Project.
Reference Map of Mississippi.
Map is based on a state map of The National Atlas of the USA.
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