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Sunflower field in North Dakota
Sunflower field in North Dakota, the state is among the top producers of sunflowers in the US.
Image: Thomas Huston

___ Reference Map of North Dakota (ND)

About North Dakota

North Dakota's Topographic Regions Map
Topographic Regions Map of North Dakota. (click map to enlarge)

North Dakota FlagNorth Dakota is a landlocked state in the Great Plains of north central US, south of Canada.
It borders South Dakota in south, Montana in the west, and the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan and Manitoba in north. The Red River of the North shapes its border with Minnesota in east.

The region of today North Dakota was acquired partly by the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, and partly from Britain by treaty in 1818, it became the 39th US state in 1889.

Theodore Roosevelt National Park, North Dakota
View of Theodore Roosevelt National Park south unit in western North Dakota. The park is now threatened by a proposed oil refinery nearby. [2]
Image: Aaronyoung777

North Dakota occupies a total area of 183,107 km² (70,698 sq mi) [1], making it slightly smaller than half the size of Germany.

Its mostly flat landscape can be divided in several regions, there is, along its border with Minnesota, the Red River Valley, the lake bed of the ancient Lake Agassiz, a remnant of the last glacial period (ice age).

Going further west you will reach the Drift Prairie, an area with gently rolling hills and shallow lakes. The Laurentian Divide cuts diagonal through the state, from north west to south east, the continental divide separates the river systems that flow northwards to the Arctic Ocean and Hudson Bay from those that flow southwards to the Atlantic Ocean.

The Missouri Escarpment defines the edge of the Missouri Plateau in the center of the state, the plateau (Coteau du Missouri) is a wast upland expanse of the Great Plains that occupies the south western third of the state. Within the plateau are North Dakota's Badlands, a hilly treeless landscape along the Little Missouri River offers buttes, pyramids, domes, and cones.

Lake Sakakawea in January, North Dakota
Lake Sakakawea in North Dakota in January. The reservoir is created by an earth-fill embankment dam on the Missouri River, it is the third largest man-made lake in the US.
Image: ND Parks and Recreation Department

Other major rivers are the Yellowstone and the Missouri Rivers.
Highest point is White Butte at 1069 m (3,508 ft) in the south western corner of the state.

North Dakota's geographical highlights are Lake Sakakawea, a reservoir within the Lake Sakakawea State Park in the Missouri River basin. The Theodore Roosevelt National Park, three geographically separated areas of badlands (

North Dakota has a population of 758,000 people (est. in 2018) [3], it is among the least densely populated US states (rank 47). State capital is Bismarck, largest city is Fargo, largest metro area is Fargo metropolitan area (pop. 235,000). Official state language is English.

Largest airports in the state are Fargo's Hector International Airport (IATA code: FAR), Bismarck Municipal Airport (IATA code: BIS), and Minot International Airport (IATA code: MOT).

Cities and Towns in North Dakota

The map shows the location of following cities and towns in North Dakota:

Fargo Theatre, art deco movie theater in Fargo, North Dakota
The iconic Fargo Theatre, an art deco movie theater in downtown Fargo, the most populous city in North Dakota.
Image: katie wheeler

Largest cities in North Dakota with a population of more than 20,000:
Fargo (114,000), Bismarck (67,000), Grand Forks (55,000), Minot (46,000), West Fargo (part of Fargo–Moorhead Metropolitan Area, 30,000), Williston (21,000), Dickinson ( 21,000)
Population figures in 2014

Other cities and towns in North Dakota:

Ashley, Beach, Belfield, Beulah, Bottineau, Bowman, Cando, Carrington, Carson, Cavalier, Cooperstown, Crosby, Devils Lake, Edgeley, Ellendale, Fort Yates, Garrison, Grafton, Harvey, Hettinger, Hillsboro, Jamestown, Kenmare, Lakota, Langdon, Linton, Lisbon, Mandan, McClusky, Mohall, Mott, Napoleon, New Town, Oakes, Pembina, Portal, Rocklake, Rugby, Stanley, Towner, Valley City, Wahpeton, Washburn, and Watford City.

A detailed map showing the US state of North Dakota with boundaries, the location of the state capital Bismarck, major cities and populated places, streams and lakes, interstate highways, principal highways, and railroads.

You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use), please refer to the Nations Online Project.

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Reference Map of North Dakota
Reference Map of North Dakota

Map is based on a state map of The National Atlas of the USA.
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