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Louisiana is one of the 50 states in the US, located in West South Central region of the USA, between Texas and Mississippi, and south of Arkansas, it has 3,000 miles (4,800 km) of twisty, meandering shorelines along the Gulf of Mexico in south.
The Sabine River forms two thirds of the border with Texas, the Mississippi and the Pearl River define sections of the border with the state of Mississippi.
The Watson Brake archaeological site in present-day Ouachita Parish is considered the oldest earthwork mound complex in North America, dating back about 5400 years ago.
First European explorers came to visit Louisiana in 1528 when Spanish conquistadors led by Panfilo de Narváez located the mouth of the Mississippi River. In the late 17th century, French and French Canadian expeditions established footholds on the Mississippi River and the Gulf Coast.
Almost the entire area of Louisiana was acquired by the US with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. Louisiana was admitted to the union on 30 April 1812 as the 18th state.
With a total area of 135,658 km² (52,378sq mi) , the Pelican State (Louisiana's official nickname) is about half the size of Colorado or somewhat larger than Greece.
Image: Google Map
There are no counties in Louisiana, the U.S. state of Louisiana is divided into 64 parishes.
Louisiana's landscape is mostly flat, the highest point is Driskill Mountain, a hill with an elevation of 163 m (535 ft) is the highest natural summit in the state, located 80 km (50 mi) east of Shreveport.
The state's geography offers a coastal marsh, the wetlands of Louisiana, a water-saturated coastal swamp region of bayous (more or less standing water) and cheniers (ridges) in the southern part of the state.
But the wetlands of Louisiana in the Mississippi Floodplain, have suffered severely from human interference in the last decades.
Other features of Louisiana's landscape are the Red River Valley; the Terraces; and the Hills.
Image: Susan Yin
Largest lake is Lake Pontchartrain (not really a lake but an estuary), other major lakes are Calcasieu Lake, the Grand and the White lakes, and the Toledo Bend Reservoir on the Sabine River between Texas and Louisiana. The Sabine Lake is a salt water estuary shared by Texas and Louisiana.
Important rivers are the Mississippi, the Red River, Ouachita River, Atchafalaya River, and the Sabine River.
Largest island in Louisiana is the marshy uninhabited Marsh Island southwest of the Atchafalaya Delta.
World Heritage Site
Louisiana has one amazing UNESCO World Heritage Site, known as the Monumental Earthworks of Poverty Point . The site is a vast area of earthen architecture built by an ancient indigenous hunter-gatherer society which inhabited the area of the lower Mississippi Valley. The site consists of a complex of earthen monuments, constructed 3,700-3,100 years ago in the Late Archaic period. It is the oldest earthworks of this size in the Western Hemisphere.
Poverty Point World Heritage Site
The Story of Poverty Point World Heritage Site by Louisiana Office of Tourism.
Image: Michael Homan
Louisiana has a population of 4.7 million people (est. 2018) ; state capital is Baton Rouge.
Largest cities are New Orleans, Baton Rouge, Shreveport, Metairie (part of the New Orleans Metropolitan Area), Lafayette, and Lake Charles.
Busiest airports in the state are Louis Armstrong New Orleans International Airport (IATA code: MSY), and Baton Rouge Metropolitan Airport (Ryan Field; IATA code: BTR).
Cities and Towns in Louisiana
The map shows the location of following cities and towns in Louisiana:
Largest city is New Orleans (391,500)
Second largest city is Baton Rouge (capital city, 227,500), Shreveport (195,000), Metairie (138,500), Lafayette (127,600)
Population figures in 2017
Other cities and towns in Louisiana:
Abbeville, Alexandria, Bastrop, Bogalusa, Bossier City, Bunkie, Chalmette, Crowley, De Ridder, Eunice, Ferriday, Franklin, Hammond, Houma, Jennings, Kenner (part of New Orleans metro), Kinder, Lake Charles, Leesville, Mansfield, Minden, Monroe, Morgan City, Natchitoches, New Iberia, Oakdale, Opelousas, Ruston, Slidell, Springhill, St. Francisville, Sulphur, Tallulah, Thibodaux, Tullos, Ville Platte, Winnfield, and Winnsboro.
The detailed map below is showing the US state of Louisiana with boundaries, the location of the state capital Baton Rouge, major cities and populated places, streams and lakes, interstate highways, principal highways, and railroads.
You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use), please refer to the Nations Online Project.
Reference Map of Louisiana.
Map is based on a state map of The National Atlas of the USA.
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