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Columbia River Gorge, State of Washington
View of Columbia River Gorge from Dog Mountain in Washington state. The canyon stretches for over 130 km (80 mi) through the Southern Cascade Range.
Image: Cacophony

___ Reference Map of the State of Washington (WA)

About Washington

Topographic Map of Washington State
Topographic Map of Washington with prominent Cascade Range in center.

Washington State Flag Washington is the northwestern-most state in US mainland. It is bordered in north by Canada (province of British Columbia) for the most part along the 49th parallel north, by Idaho in east, and the Pacific Ocean in west.

The Columbia River defines a long section of the state line with Oregon in south. Washington state consists of 39 counties. The United States acquired the area of Washington through a treaty with Great Britain in 1846.

Washington Territory was organized from part of Oregon Territory on 2nd March 1853; it included all of present-day Washington, northern Idaho, and northwestern Montana.

Some Geography
Glaciers on the east slopes of Glacier Peak in Washington State
Cool, Chocolate, North Guardian and Dusty Glaciers (left to right) on the east slopes of Glacier Peak (Dakobed), the stratovolcano in Washington State.
Image: Walter Siegmund

The State of Washington covers an area of 184,661 km² (71,298 sq mi) [1], making it slightly larger than half the size of Germany, or slightly smaller than half the size of Japan.

Washington state has several distinct geographical regions: there is the serrated Pacific coastline with the Strait of Juan de Fuca, the Salish Sea's outlet to the Pacific Ocean, several other bays and straits, like the Strait of Georgia, the Bellingham Bay, the Admiralty Inlet, and the Samish Bay, the Puget Sound along the northwestern coast of the state, an inlet of the Pacific Ocean, within the sound fifty plus islands, the largest are Whidbey, Orcas, San Juan, Fidalgo, and Camano.

The Cascade Mountain Range divides the state into two parts – in the more hilly to mountainous Western Washington and Eastern Washington with the Columbia Plateau.
Within the range are five major volcanoes, from north to south: Mount Baker, an active glaciated stratovolcano at 3,286 m (10,781 ft), Glacier Peak (Dakobed), one of the most active volcano in the state with an elevation of 3,207 m (10,525 ft), dangerous Mount Rainier, the huge active stratovolcano is the highest mountain in the state at an elevation of 4,392 m (14,411 ft). Mount St. Helens, known for its major 1980 eruption, declared the most disastrous volcanic eruption in United States history. Mount Adams, a potentially active stratovolcano has not erupted in more than 1,000 years. The Wenatchee Mountains in the center of the state are a major subrange of the Cascade Range.

Washington state has a population of 7.4 million people (2018 est.) [2]; capital city is Olympia, largest city is Seattle, largest metropolitan area is Metro Seattle (pop. 3.8 million in 2017). Other major cities are Spokane, Tacoma, Vancouver (WA), Bellevue, Kent, and Everett. By far the largest airport in the state is Seattle–Tacoma International Airport (IATA code: SEA), other major airports are Spokane International Airport (Geiger Field; IATA code: GEG), Bellingham International Airport (IATA code: BLI), and Tri-Cities Airport in Pasco (IATA code: PSC).

Cities and Towns in Washington

The map shows the location of following cities and towns in Washington: Capital city: Olympia (48,000)

Largest cities in Washington state with a population of more than 100,000: Seattle, (652,000), Spokane (211,000), Tacoma (203,000), Vancouver (167,000), Bellevue (134,000), Kent (in the Seattle–Tacoma metroplex; 124,000), Everett (105,000) Population figures est. 2013

Other cities and towns in Washington: Aberdeen, Anacortes, Battle Ground, Bellingham, Blaine, Bremerton, Camas, Centralia, Chehalis, Chelan, Cheney, Clarkston, Colfax, Colville, Coulee City, Dayton, Ellensburg, Enumclaw, Ephrata, Federal Way, Forks, Goldendale, Grand Coulee, Hoquiam, Kelso, Kennewick, Lacey, Lakewood, Longview, Lynnwood, Marysville, Morton, Moses Lake, Mount Vernon, Newport, Oak Harbor, Omak, Oroville, Othello, PascoIlwaco, Port Angeles, Pullman, Puyallup, Quincy, Raymond, Redmond, Renton, Republic, Richland, Ritzville, Seattle, South Bend, Spokane Valley, Toppenish, Walla Walla, Wenatchee, Wilbur, Winthrop, and Yakima.

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The detailed map is showing the US state of State of Washington with boundaries, the location of the state capital Olympia, major cities and populated places, streams and lakes, interstate highways, principal highways, and railroads.

You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use), please refer to the Nations Online Project.
Reference Map of Washington state, USA
Reference Map of State of Washington

Map is based on a state map of The National Atlas of the USA.
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City of Seattle

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Olympia Current Weather Conditions

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