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Vermont is one of the six states in the region known as New England. The State of Vermont is situated in the eastern United States. It is bordered by Canada (Québec province) to the north.
The Connecticut River defines its border with New Hampshire in east, Lake Champlain separates Vermont from New York state in north west, a straight line separates the state from Massachusetts in south. Vermont is divided into 14 counties.
The region was the site of early European settlement. The area of Vermont became part of the original territory of the United States. It was included in the Charter of New England in 1620, but was later included in grants creating New York in 1664 and 1674. Vermont was admitted to the Union on 18th February 1791, as the 14th state.
area of 24,905 km² (9,616 sq mi) , making it the 45th-largest state, compared it is about one quarter the size of South Korea or Iceland. Compared with other US states, Vermont is about the size of New Jersey, but it would fit into Texas 28 times.
As mentioned above, the region was the site of early European settlement. French colonists were the earliest European immigrants to the area.
Colonization is based on natural features, like fertile soil, and watercourses, which provide access to transportation. During the Colonial settlement period, English settlers migrating from Boston and central Massachusetts were using numerous river corridors, especially the Connecticut River, to access the fertile southeastern lands in Vermont. 
Vermont's hilly to mountainous landscape is quite forested, giving the state its nickname the Green Mountain State.
Highlight of Vermont's landscape are the Green Mountains, part of the Appalachian Mountain system, the 310 km (190 mi) long range runs along the western edge of the state in a north/south direction. The Taconic Mountains are also part of the Appalachian Mountains. The New England range includes some well-known summits such as Mount Equinox in Vermont and Mount Greylock, the highest point in Massachusetts. The Northeast Highlands are a rough, wild region known as the "Northeast Kingdom". The sparsely populated area is located almost entirely within the borders of Essex County.
Highest mountain in Vermont is Mount Mansfield at 1,339.7 m (4,395.3 ft).
Image: Charles Wohlers
Vermont is a state with many small rivers and streams. The Connecticut River marks the border with New Hampshire and drains the south. The Winooski River (formerly the Onion River) is a tributary of Lake Champlain.
Lake Champlain is a large freshwater lake in North America with a surface area of 1,270 km² (490 sq mi), shared between the US states of New York and Vermont and Canada's Quebec province. The lake and its islands are a popular tourist destination.
Lake Memphremagog is a fresh water glacial lake shared between Vermont and Canada's Quebec province.
Vermont has a population of 625,000 people (2018 est.) ; it is the second least populated state in the US (after Wyoming), capital city is Montpelier, largest city is Burlington (pop. 42,556), largest metropolitan area is Burlington-South Burlington.
Image: © Ryan Taylor
Busiest and only international airport in the state is Burlington International Airport (IATA code: BTV).
Cities and Towns in Vermont
The map shows the location of following cities and towns in Vermont:
Largest cities in Vermont with a population of more than 10,000:
Burlington, (42,500), Essex (26,000), Colchester (17,300), Rutland (16,000), Bennington (15,700), Brattleboro (11,700), Hartford (9,700),
Montpelier (capital city, 7,600)
Population figures in 2016
Other cities and towns in Vermont:
Barre, Bellows Falls, Bethel, Hyde Park, Island Pond, Ludlow, Manchester, Middlebury, Newport, Northfield, South Burlington, Springfield, St Albans, St Johnsbury, Swanton, Vergennes, Waterbury, White River Jct, Windsor, Winooski, and Woodstock.
The detailed map below is showing the US state of Vermont with boundaries, the location of the state capital Montpelier, major cities and populated places, major rivers, streams and lakes, interstate highways, principal highways, and railroads.
You are free to use this map for educational purposes (fair use), please refer to the Nations Online Project.
Reference Map of Vermont
Map is based on a state map of The National Atlas of the USA.
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