The satellite view and the map shows Lebanon
, officially the Lebanese Republic, a mountainous country in the Levant with a coastline at the eastern Mediterranean Sea
Lebanon borders Israel
in the south and Syria
in the north and the west, and it shares maritime borders with Cyprus
Greek and Roman ruins of a complex of temples at the Phoenician city of Baalbek in present-day Lebanon. Baalbek is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Image: © UNESCO Véronique Dauge
The country occupies an area
of 10,400 km², compared it is about one-third the size of Belgium
or about one-third the size of the US state of Maryland
. It is the smallest sovereign nation on the Asian mainland.
Lebanon has a population of 6.8 million people (in 2019), including approximately 1.5 million refugees from Syria and Palestine
. Lebanon has been the hardest hit by the exodus of Syrians fleeing their country’s violence. 
The capital and largest city is Beirut
. Almost half of the Lebanese population live in Beirut and its suburbs. Other major cities are Tripoli, Sidon, Aley, Tyre, Zahlé, Jounieh Baalbek, and Nabatieh. Spoken language
is Levantine Arabic. Main religions are Islam (54%) and Christianity (40%). Many Christian Lebanese do not identify themselves as Arab but rather as descendants of the ancient Canaanites and prefer to be called Phoenicians. 
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