Selimiye Mosque in the city of Edirne. The Selimiye Mosque is one of the most famous architectural legacies of the Ottoman Empire. The mosque was built between 1568 and 1574. The Selimiye Mosque and its Social Complex is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Image: Ava Babili
The satellite view and the map show Turkey a country in Western Asia
on the Anatolian peninsula with the Mediterranean Sea
to the south, the Aegean Sea in the west, and the Black Sea in the north.
The country occupies a small enclave in southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula
(East Thrace) which is separated from the mainland by the Bosporus, the Sea of Marmara, and the Dardanelles.
Turkey shares international borders with Armenia
, and Syria
It shares maritime borders with Cyprus
, Northern Cyprus, Romania
, and Ukraine
The country occupies an area
of 783,562 km², compared it is more than twice the size of Germany
or slightly smaller than the U.S. states of Texas
Turkey has a population
of 78,741,000 inhabitants (in 2015), the largest city is Istanbul
, the national capital is Ankara
, spoken languages are Turkish
(official), Kurdish, and Arabic.
Turkey's main geographical features
Hierapolis-Pamukkale - Pamukkale (Cotton Palace), calcite-laden waters have created an unreal landscape, made up of mineral forests, petrified waterfalls and a series of terraced basins. Pamukkale and the nearby thermal spa of Hierapolis, built by the kings of Pergamon, are a UNESCO World Heritage Site .
Image: Antoine Taveneaux
The Taurus Mountain range
in southern Turkey divides the central Anatolian Plateau from the Mediterranean coastal region.
The Pontic Mountains
is a mountain range in the northeast of the country in northern Anatolia along the southern coast of the Black Sea.
, the dormant volcano near the border with Armenia and Iran is the highest peak in Turkey with an elevation of 5,137 m (16,854 ft). Mount Erciyes
, a massive stratovolcano south of the city of Kayseri.
(Van Gölü), in Eastern Turkey is the largest lake in the country. Lake Tuz
(Tuz Gölü), the salt lake in the Central Anatolia Region is Turkey's second largest lake. Lake Uluabat
, shallow freshwater lake near Bursa.
, a land-locked plateau east of the Anatolian plateau
and north of Lake Van, the central region of historical Armenia.
, the 'Red River,' also known as the Halys River, with a length of 1,350 km it is the longest river in Turkey; it empties into the Black Sea. The Taurus Mountains in Turkey are the source of two of the most important rivers of Mesopotamia, Euphrates
, and Tigris
. The Seyhan River
is the longest river in Turkey that flows into the Mediterranean Sea
Uludağ National Park
, situated 36 km south of Bursa is the highest area in western Anatolia, within are the ancient mountains of Mysian Olympus and Bithynian Olympus; it is a popular center for winter sports.
, located in Turkish Thrace, the European part of Turkey, between the Thracian Sea (Aegean Sea) in the west and the Dardanelles strait in the east.
(Gökçeada) in the Aegean Sea is the largest island of Turkey. Marmara is an island in the Sea of Marmara. The island was known in ancient times for the mining of white marble. The marble of the Pergamon altar comes from the island. Tenedos
(Bozcaada), is the third largest Turkish island located in the northeastern part of the Aegean Sea.
Hisarlik is the modern name for an ancient site on the coast of Turkey where the the Dardanelles merge with the Aegean Sea. It is believed to be the site of ancient Troy
is a mountain in Adiyaman Province, on its summit is a royal tomb-sanctuary, the mausoleum of Antiochus I from the Hellenistic period in the 1st century BC. 8-9 m tall statues flank the tomb. Nemrut Dağ
is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
was an ancient Greek town in Lycia with two necropoleis of Lycian rock-cut tombs and a Greek amphitheater. The bishop of Myra was Saint Nicholas.
is a town in Cappadocia, famous for the "fairy chimney" rock formations. The Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia
is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
The page shows a map of Turkey with cities, and towns, expressways, main roads, and streets.
To find a location use the form below.