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___ Least Developed Countries (LDCs)

The world´s most impoverished and vulnerable countries.
The least developed countries (LDCs) are a group of countries that have been classified by the UN as "least developed" in terms of their low gross national income (GNI), their weak human assets and their high degree of economic vulnerability.

keywords: United Nations classification, least developed countries, LDCs, countries of the third world, poorest countries

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List of Least Developed Countries  

Definition of least developed countries.

The term "Least Developed Countries (LDCs)" describes the world's poorest countries with following 3 criteria:
 Low-income criterion
based on a three-year average estimate of the gross national income (GNI) per capita (under $750 for inclusion, above $900 for graduation)
 Human resource weakness criterion
involving a composite Human Assets Index (HAI) based on indicators of:
(a) nutrition; (b) health; (c) education; and (d) adult literacy.
 Economic vulnerability criterion
based on indicators of the instability of agricultural production; the instability of exports of goods and services; the economic importance of non-traditional activities (share of manufacturing and modern services in GDP); merchandise export concentration; and the handicap of economic smallness.
List of Least Developed Countries (LDCs)
Angola Benin Burkina Faso Burundi
Cape Verde Central African Republic Chad Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. of the Djibouti Equatorial Guinea Eritrea
Ethiopia Gambia Guinea Guinea-Bissau
Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi
Mali Mauritania Mozambique Niger
Rwanda Sao Tome and Principe Senegal Sierra Leone
Somalia Sudan Tanzania Togo
Uganda Zambia    
Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan Cambodia
Lao PDR Maldives Myanmar Nepal
Timor-Leste Yemen    
Australia and the Pacific      
Kiribati Samoa Solomon Islands Tuvalu

Source: Economic and Social Council of the United Nations.
see also:  Criteria for determining the LDCs


Related Categories:

Landlocked Developing Countries (LLDCs)
Human Development Index (Countries with low human development)
List of countries with the lowest standard of human development.
Countries of the First World
Countries of the Second World
Countries of the Third World
Countries by GNI per capita and PPP
Rich and poor countries
Categories of development of countries in the world today.
Countries by Gross National Income (GNI)
A list of world countries and regions in comparison of their gross national income based on purchasing-power-parity (PPP) per capita in int'l Dollars.

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