One World
Nations Online

Home Earth Continents Countries First, Second and Third World Countries of the Second World

___ Countries of the Second World

Soviet Union (USSR)
List of Countries of the Second World

The term "Second World" refers to the former communist-socialist, industrial states, the territory and sphere of influence of the Union of Soviet Socialists Republic (Soviet Union).

Communist Yugoslavia was the only eastern European country which was not aligned with the Soviet Union.

Note: For terms and definition please have a look at: First, Second and Third World
keywords: list of countries of the Second World, communist-socialist countries, Second World, East Bloc Nations, Soviet Bloc
  Second World Country List
Country formerly part of: Region
Albania * Southern Europe
Armenia Soviet Union Western Asia
Azerbaijan Soviet Union Western Asia
Belarus Soviet Union Eastern Europe
Bosnia and Herzegovina Yugoslavia Southern Europe
Bulgaria   Eastern Europe
Croatia Yugoslavia Southern Europe
Czech Republic Czechoslovakia Eastern Europe
Estonia annexed by the Soviet Union** Northern Europe
Georgia Soviet Union Western Asia
East Germany   Western Europe
Hungary   Eastern Europe
Kazakhstan Soviet Union South-Central Asia
Kyrgyzstan Soviet Union South-Central Asia
Latvia annexed by Soviet Union** Northern Europe
Lithuania annexed by Soviet Union** Northern Europe
Macedonia, Rep. of Yugoslavia Southern Europe
Moldova Soviet Union Eastern Europe
Montenegro Yugoslavia  
Poland   Eastern Europe
Romania   Eastern Europe
Russia Soviet Union Northern Europe/Asia
Serbia Yugoslavia Southern Europe
Slovakia Czechoslovakia Eastern Europe
Slovenia Yugoslavia Southern Europe
Tajikistan Soviet Union South-Central Asia
Turkmenistan Soviet Union South-Central Asia
Ukraine Soviet Union Eastern Europe
Uzbekistan Soviet Union South-Central Asia

Commonwealth of Independent States

CIS EmblemThe Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS; Russian: Содружество Независимых Государств, СНГ), sometimes also called the Russian Commonwealth, is the loose association of former Soviet Republics, set up during the breakup of the Soviet Union. The organization was founded on 8 December 1991 by the Republic of Belarus, the Russian Federation, and Ukraine. The creation of CIS was the attempt to form a successor entity to the Soviet Union, which was in the process of disintegrating.

The founding members announced that the new alliance would be open to all former republics of the Soviet Union, and to other nations sharing the same goals. On 21 December 1991, eight additional former Soviet Republics – Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan, joined the CIS.
Member States of the CIS:

Soviet Union administrative divisions in 1984Soviet Union administrative divisions in 1984.

(Formerly) Communist States in Asia ***
China   Eastern Asia
Korea (North) Korea Eastern Asia
Lao PDR   South East Asia
Mongolia**** China, until 1921 Eastern Asia
Vietnam   South East Asia

* Albania broke Soviet influence in the 1960s and aligned itself with China.
** The forcible annexation of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania into the Soviet Union in 1940 was considered illegal by the United States and most Western European democracies and the three nations were de jure not considered parts of the Soviet Union.
*** This countries are considered sometimes being part of the Second World, the relatively high-income Communist countries or those with centrally planned economies in which the government owns the means of production.
**** Today Mongolia is a parliamentary republic.
More Information:

Related Categories:
Nations in Transit
Comparative study of post-communist nations in transit to democracy.

Countries of the First World
Countries of the Third World
List of Least Developed Countries (LDCs)
The world's poorest countries, the real "Third World".

Map of Central Europe
Map of Europe
Map of Asia

See also: Country Economies Classification
Compare the purchasing power of countries with low income, middle income and high income.

back to The First, Second and Third World

Bookmark/share this page

Explore More:

Related Consumer Information:

Maps of Countries of the "Second World"
Armenia Map | Azerbaijan Map | Belarus Map | Kazakhstan Map | Kyrgyzstan Map | Tajikistan Map |
Support UNICEF