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Aerial view of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, in the center the Dome of the Rock. Image: © Andrew Shiva
About the Temple Mount and the Noble SanctuaryThe map showing the Old City of Jerusalem with the Noble Sanctuary, situated on an ancient man-made platform known as the Temple Mount, located on the Judaean Hills in Jerusalem the largest city in Israel.
In the beliefs of the Jews, Muslims and Christians the Temple Mount is really a historical sacred place in the old city of Jerusalem.
In Judaism the Temple Mount is the holiest site, according to Hebrew scripture the world expanded into its present form here, and it was this place where God took some soil and created the first man, Adam.
The First Temple of the ancient religion of the biblical Israelitese was built by King Solomon (Reign: 971 - 931 BCE) on the Temple Mount, replacing the local sanctuaries, Solomon's temple was destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BCE. Also the Second Jewish Temple was built on the site, the reconstructed "Temple in Jerusalem". Jerusalem and its Second Temple was destroyed by the Romans on the 4th August 70 CE.
For Muslims, the site is revered as the destination where the Prophet Muhammad travelled in his Night Journey (Bayt al-Muqaddas) and the location of his ascent to heaven. The Haram al Sharif (Noble Sanctuary) which is the location of the al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock, is considered to be the third holiest site in Islam.
Also Jesus has prayed on the Temple Mount (Mark 11:25-26) here he has chased away the money changers and other merchants from the courtyard of the temple.
The walls around Jerusalem's Old City were built between 1537 and 1541 CE by the Ottoman Empire under the direct supervision of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. The walls stretch for approximately 4.5 kilometers (2.8 miles) and rise to a height of 5–15 meters (16–49 feet), with a thickness of 3 meters (10 feet). The Old City walls contain 43 surveillance towers and 11 gates, seven of which are presently open.
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|Google Map: Satellite View of the Old City of Jerusalem and the Temple Mount with the al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock.
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UNESCO World Heritage: Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls
UNESCO World Heritage center page.
Online Guide to Al-Haram al-Sharif.
The Temple Mount in Jerusalem
Where were the First and Second Jewish Temples Located?
The Temple Institute (Machon HaMikdash)
A non-profit educational and religious organization located in the Jewish quarter of Jerusalem's Old City.
The Jerusalem Archaeological Park
Official website of Jerusalem Archaeological Park and Davidson Center.
The Academy for Islamicjerusalem Studies(ISRA), previously known as "Islamic Research Academy".
Wikipedia: Temple Mount
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