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Satellite View of the Old City of Jerusalem with the Noble Sanctuary or the Temple Mount (Har HaBayit, Mount Moriah)

Aerial view of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, Israel
Aerial view of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, in the center the Dome of the Rock, to the left is the Western Wall Plaza and the Western Wall (Wailing Wall).
Image: © Andrew Shiva

About the Temple Mount and the Noble Sanctuary

Western Wall Plaza and the Western Wall (Wailing Wall)  in Old Jerusalem
Western Wall Plaza, the Western Wall (Wailing Wall) and the Dome of the Rock in background. The Western Wall Plaza was the location of the Mughrabi Quarter (Moroccan Quarter) for more than 700 years, the quarter was razed by Israeli forces three days after the Six-Day War in order to broaden the narrow alley leading to the Western Wall.
Image: Sustructu

The map showing the Old City of Jerusalem with the Noble Sanctuary, situated on an ancient man-made platform known as the Temple Mount, located on the Judaean Hills in East Jerusalem in Israel.

In the beliefs of the Jews, Muslims and Christians the Temple Mount is really a historical sacred place in the old city of Jerusalem.
In Judaism the Temple Mount is the holiest site, according to Hebrew scripture, this is the venue where the world expanded into its present form, and it was at this place where God took some soil (adamah) and created the first man, Adam.

Dome of the Rock in Eastern Jerusalem
Dome of the Rock, or Qubbat al-Ṣakhrah, the famous Islamic shrine on the Temple Mount and the oldest existing Islamic monument, built in the late 7th century by Abd al-Malik (647-705), fifth caliph of the Umayyad dynasty.
Image: Andrew Shiva

The First Temple of the ancient religion of the biblical Israelites was built by King Solomon (Reign: 971 - 931 BCE) on the Temple Mount, replacing the local sanctuaries, Solomon's temple was destroyed by the Babylonians in 586 BCE. Also the Second Jewish Temple was built on the site, the reconstructed "Temple in Jerusalem". Jerusalem and its Second Temple was destroyed by the Romans on the 4th August 70 CE.

For Muslims, the site is revered as the destination where the Prophet Muhammad traveled in his Night Journey (Bayt al-Muqaddas) and the location of his ascent to heaven. The Haram al Sharif (Noble Sanctuary) which is the location of the al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock, is considered to be the third holiest site in Islam.

Also Jesus has prayed on the Temple Mount (Mark 11:25-26), here he has chased away the money changers and other merchants from the courtyard of the temple.

The walls around Jerusalem's Old City were built between 1537 and 1541 CE by the Ottoman Empire under the direct supervision of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent. The walls stretch for approximately 4.5 kilometers (2.8 miles) and rise to a height of 5–15 meters (16–49 feet), with a thickness of 3 meters (10 feet). The Old City walls contain 43 surveillance towers and 11 gates, seven of which are presently open.
φ Latitude, λ Longitude (of Map center; move the map to see coordinates):
Google Map: Satellite View of the Old City of Jerusalem and the Temple Mount with the al-Aqsa Mosque and the Dome of the Rock.

Google Earth Explore 3D model of the Temple Mount in Google Earth
(Make sure 3D Buildings is checked in the Layers panel in Google Earth,
eventually uncheck the Terrain layer.)

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External Links:
UNESCO World Heritage: Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls
UNESCO World Heritage center page.
Noble Sanctuary
Online Guide to Al-Haram al-Sharif.
The Temple Mount in Jerusalem
Where were the First and Second Jewish Temples Located?
The Temple Institute (Machon HaMikdash)
A non-profit educational and religious organization located in the Jewish quarter of Jerusalem's Old City.
The Jerusalem Archaeological Park
Official website of Jerusalem Archaeological Park and Davidson Center.
The Academy for Islamicjerusalem Studies(ISRA), previously known as "Islamic Research Academy".

Wikipedia: Temple Mount

Israel Tourism
Israel's official tourism website.

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