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___ Hessen

A virtual guide to the German Federal State of Hessen. Beside a state profile, this page offers links to sources that provide you with information about this "Bundesland", e.g.: official web sites, local news, culture, history, education, city- and country guides with travel and visitors information, tourist attractions, events and much more.


State Profile

Hesse Flag
Flag of the German Federal State of Hessen
where in Germany is Hesse?

Official Name: Hessen
en: Hesse

Abbreviation: HE

Time zone: Central European Time (CET); Central European Summer Time (CEST)

Capital City: Wiesbaden (pop. 273,000)

Other Cities: largest city: Frankfurt am Main (pop. 688,000), Darmstadt, Fulda, Gießen, Hanau, Kassel, Limburg, Marburg, Offenbach, and Wetzlar.

Location: central Germany north of Baden-Württemberg
Area: 21,114 kmĀ²

Population (2013): 6 million
Religions: 48% Protestants, 30% Roman Catholic.

Natural resources: Salt

Agriculture products: Grain (wheat, barley), sugar beets, potatoes, vegetables, livestock farming.

Industries: Bank services, car industry, chemical and pharmaceutical industries,

Hesse is located in western-central Germany, bordering (from north-west, clockwise) the German states of North Rhine-Westphalia, Lower Saxony, Thuringia, Bavaria, Baden-Württemberg and Rhineland-Palatinate.


Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Hessen

Official site of Bundesland Hessen - The state of Hesse.

Der Hessische Landtag
Hesse's parliament.

Hessisches Statistisches Landesamt
Hesse's state office for statistics.


Google Earth Google Earth Hessen
Searchable map/satellite view of Hesse.
Google Earth Google Earth Wiesbaden
Searchable map and satellite view of Wiesbaden, Hesse's capital.
Google Earth Google Earth Frankfurt am Main
Searchable map and satellite view of Hesse's largest city.

 Political Map of Germany
 Administrative Map of Germany


Hesse Newspapers Online (mostly in German)

Darmstädter Echo
Newspaper Darmstadt.

Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung FAZ
FAZ online (German-partly English).

Frankfurter Rundschau
Frankfurter Rundschau online, national and international news

Fuldaer Zeitung
News from Fulda.

Gießener Anzeiger
Newspaper Gießen.

Hessisch Niedersächsiche Allgemeine
Current and regional news.

Rhein-Zeitung Mainz/Wiesbaden.

Hessischer Rundfunk
Hessian Broadcasting (HR) is the public broadcaster for Hesse.
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Arts & Culture

Kulturportal Hessen
State culture portal with information about culture and culture events in Hesse. (in German)

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Works by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe at Project Gutenberg.
Goethe was born in Frankfurt (Main) at the 28. Aug. 1749.
Das Goethe-Haus in Frankfurt a.M.
The Frankfurt Goethe House, Goethe's birthplace is now a museum.

One of the most important exhibitions of contemporary art in the world takes place every five years in the city of Kassel.

Brüder Grimm-Museum Kassel
The museum of the Brothers Grimm (in German).

Hessisches Landesmuseum Darmstadt
Official website of the Hesse state museum.

Museum für Angewandte Kunst
Museum of applied arts, Frankfurt.

Museum der Weltkulturen
Ethnology museum of the cultures of the world, Frankfurt a. M..

Naturmuseum Senckenberg
Natural History Museum, Frankfurt am Main.

Museumslandschaft Hessen Kassel
A guide to museums in Kassel (in German).
Museen in Hessen
A guide to museums in Hesse (in German).

Oper Frankfurt
The Frankfurt Opera House is an important European opera house, the home of Oper Frankfurt (the Frankfurt Opera), a leading company in Germany.


Business & Economy

Deutsche Börse Group
Official website of the largest exchange organization worldwide.
Börse Frankfurt
Deutsche Börse's Website for Investors.

Official website of the second-largest bank in Germany after:
Deutsche Bank
Official website of the German Bank, Frankfurt, one of the largest investment banks in the world.
Dresdner Bank
Dresdner Bank AG is one of Germany's largest banking corporations based in Frankfurt.

Deutsche Bundesbank
Official website of the German Central Bank.

ECB: European Central Bank
The ECB, located in Frankfurt a. M., is the central bank for Europe's currency, the Euro.

Trade Fairs Frankfurt
Largest consumer goods trade show in the world.
Frankfurter Buchmesse
Frankfurt Book Fair.
Internationale Automobil-Ausstellung (IAA)
International Automobile Exhibition

Important Companies
Software AG

Frankfurt Airport FRA
Rhein-Main-Flughafen, largest airport in Germany.


Destination Hessen - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Hessen: Frankfurt am Main, Wiesbaden, Kassel
Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, tours and much more by following the links below.

Hessen Touristik Service
Tourist Guide Hesse, the Official Site. (in German) 

State Capital:
Official website of the states' capital.

Major Cities:
The City of Frankfurt am Main, largest city in Hesse.

Once the seat of noblemen and prince electors, this city on the Fulda River has more to offer to visitors than it is immediately apparent.

Other principal cities are Darmstadt,





, and Wetzlar.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information



Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität
Uni GH Kassel

Environment & Nature

Natur Parks in Hesse
Naturpark Bergstraße-Odenwald
The largest part of the nature park Odenwald and the Bergstraße lies in Hesse, but it ranges also the states of Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria (in German).

Naturpark Habichtswald
The nature park is located in North-Hesse, it ranges from the Weser highland to the Waldecker Land, a foothill of the Sauerland.

Naturpark Hessische Rhön
In the portal to the Rhön you will find information about the nature park located in the east of Fulda near the Thuringian-Bavarian Border.

Naturpark Hessischer Spessart
Large oak and beech-tree forests characterises the low mountain range landscape of the Spessart, located near the Hesse-Bavarian border.

Naturpark Hochtaunus
Hesses' second largest nature park.

Naturpark Kellerwald-Edersee
The nature park is located in the middle of Germany in North-Hesse (in German).

Naturparke Deutschland
A guide to nature and national parks in Germany.


After World War II the Hessian territory left of the Rhine was again occupied by France, whereas the rest of the country was part of the US occupation zone. The French separated their part of Hesse from the rest of the country and incorporated it into the newly founded state of Rhineland-Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz). The United States, on the other side, proclaimed the state of Greater Hesse (Groß-Hessen) on 19 September 1945, out of Hesse-Darmstadt and most of the former Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau. On 4 December 1946 Groß-Hessen was officially renamed Hessen.

Hessisches Hauptstaatsarchiv
Hesse's main state archive (in German).

History of Hesse
Wikipedia entry about Hesse's history.

Wikipedia entry about the Province of Hesse-Nassau (German: Provinz Hessen-Nassau) a province of the Kingdom of Prussia from 1868-1918, then a province of the Free State of Prussia until 1944.

Peoples' State of Hesse
Wikipedia entry about the Peoples' State of Hesse (German: Volksstaat Hessen) was the name of the German state of Hesse-Darmstadt from 1918 until 1945.

Additional Information about Hessen

Open Directory Project: Hessen

Wikipedia: Hessen
Federal States of Germany
Baden-Württemberg | Bavaria | Berlin | Brandenburg | Bremen | Hamburg | Hesse | Lower Saxony | Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania | North Rhine-Westphalia | Rhineland-Palatinate | Saarland | Saxony | Saxony-Anhalt | Schleswig-Holstein | Thuringia