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___ Bayern

Bavarian Alps, Bavaria, Germany
View of the Bavarian Alps.
A virtual guide to the German Federal State of Bayern. Beside a state profile, this page offers links to sources that provide you with information about this "Bundesland", e.g.: official web sites, local news, culture, history, education, city- and country guides with travel and visitors information, tourist attractions, events and much more.

Bayern, Bavaria

State Profile

Bayern Flag
Flag of the Free State of Bavaria
where in Germany is Bavaria?

Official Name: Freistaat Bayern
en: Free State of Bavaria

Nick name: The Beer State

Abbreviation: BY

Time zone: Central European Time (CET); Central European Summer Time (CEST)

Capital City: München (Munich; pop. 1.4 million)

Other Cities: Augsburg, Bamberg, Bayreuth, Erlangen, Fürth, Ingolstadt, Nürnberg (Nuremberg), Passau, Regensburg, Würzburg.

Location: in the southeastern part of Germany, bordering Czech Republic in east, Austria in south
Area: 70,550 kmĀ²

Population (2013): 12.5 million
Religions: 25% Protestants, 55% Roman Catholic.

Natural resources: Sand and gravel, natural stone, clay, silica sand, kaolin.

Agriculture products: Dairy products, cheese, meat and meat products, sugar, beer, hops.

Industries: Car industry, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, foods, tourism.

The Free State of Bavaria (in German: Freistaat Bayern) comprises the entire southeast portion of Germany. It is geographically the largest federal state in the country.
Bayern shares international borders with Austria and the Czech Republic as well as with Switzerland (across Lake of Constance). Neighbouring federal states within Germany are Baden-Württemberg, Hesse, Thuringia (Thüringen) and Saxony (Sachsen).

The landscape of Bavaria consists of four major regions: the Bavarian Alps, with Zugspitze, the highest mountain in Germany at 2,962m in south; the Alpine foothills, known as the Bavarian Alpine Foreland with its numerous lakes; the Eastern Bavarian central mountains, a wooded low-mountain region with Germany's first national park, the Bavarian Forest National Park; and in west, the plateaus of Swabia and Frankenalb (Jura).

Bavaria is divided in 7 administrative regions: Oberfranken (Upper Franconia), Mittelfranken (Middle Franconia), Unterfranken (Lower Franconia), Bayerisch Schwaben with Allgäu (Bavarian Swabia), Oberpfalz, (Upper Palatinate), Oberbayern (Upper Bavaria), and Niederbayern (Lower Bavaria)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Bayern

Die Bayerische Staatskanzlei - Bavaria's official website.

Landtag von Bayern
The official website of the parliament of Bavaria (in German).

Bayerisches Landesamt für Statistik und Datenverarbeitung
Bavarian state office for statistics.


Google Earth Google Earth Bayern
Searchable map and satellite view of Bayern.
Google Earth Google Earth München (Munic)
Searchable map/satellite view of Bayern's capital.
Google Earth Google Earth Bodensee
Searchable map/satellite view of Bodensee (Lake Constance)

 Political Map of Germany
 Administrative Map of Germany


Bavarian newspapers online (mostly in German)

Newspaper from Munich.

Augsburger Allgemeine
News from Augsburg.

Bayerische Staatszeitung und Bayerischer Staatsanzeiger
Weekly news from the Bavarian Government, Munich.

Bayerwald Echo
News from the Regensburg region.

Chiemgau Online
Southeast Bavarian news.

Coburger Tageblatt
Neue Presse

News from Coburg.

Erlanger Nachrichten
News from Erlangen.

Fränkischer Tag
Fränkischer Tag Online.

Frankenpost online, Hof.

Newspaper Aschaffenburg.

Mainpost online.

great site Münchner Merkur
Münchner Merkur online, News from Munich and Bavaria.

Neumarkter Nachrichten
Neumarkter Nachrichten online.

Nürnberger Nachrichten
Nürnberger Zeitung
News from Nürnberg.

Oberbayerisches Volksblatt
Newspaper Rosenheim.

Passauer Neue Presse
With regional news, Passau.

Straubinger Tagblatt
Landshuter Zeitung

News from the Straubing/Landshut region.

great site Süddeutsche Zeitung
Süddeutsche Zeitung online.

Bayerischer Rundfunk - BR-ONLINE.DE
Public radio and television.
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Arts & Culture

Classic Music
Bayreuther Festspiele
Götterdämmerung, Meistersinger, Lohengrin, Rheingold, Siegfried, etc.
Bayerische Staatsoper
First class opera and ballet.

Bayerisches Nationalmuseum
Bavarian National Museum, one of the largest museums in Europe focussing on fine arts as well as cultural history.
Bier- und Oktoberfestmuseum München
The history of beer and the Munich Oktoberfest.
Deutsches Museum
Museum of natural science and technology, Munich.

Art museums
Kunstareal München
Kunstareal (“art district”) is a museum quarter in the city centre of Munich.
The Florentine-style villa houses an art museum and is most famous for the large collection of important paintings of Der Blaue Reiter (The Blue Rider).
Pinakothek der Moderne
The museum shows the National Collection of Modern and Contemporary Arts.

Museen in Bayern
Guide to Bavarian's museums.


Business & Economy

Bayern International
A government organization to promote foreign trade.

Invest in Bavaria
Information about Bavaria for investors.

Famous Bavarian Brands
Global leader in the sporting goods industry.
High-end athletic shoes and sportswear.

Vorsprung durch Technik.
Bayrische Motoren Werke.

Flughafen München
Franz Josef Strauss International, Munich*s Airport.

Destination Bayern - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Bavaria: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, biking, skiing, hiking, climbing, cruising, diving, tours and much more.

Bayern Tourism
The Bavarian Tourist Board, information about Bavarian tourism and tourism resorts.
German Alpine Road - Deutsche Alpenstrasse
Information on the German Alpine Road.

Regional Tourism Offices
Berchtesgadener Land Tourismus
Official site for Berchtesgadener Land.
Tourismusverband Allgäu-Bayerisch-Schwaben e.V.
Tourism Allgäu/Bayerisch-Schwaben. (in German)
Tourismusverband Chiemgau
Tourism Chiemgau und Chiemsee. (in German)
Tourismusverband Franken
Tourism information about Franken. (in German)
Tourismusverband München Oberbayern
Official site for the holiday land Upper Bavaria.
Tourismusverband Ostbayern
Tourism East Bavaria. (in German)
Tourismusverband Ostbayern e.V.
Official tourism site of Bayerischer Wald. (in German)
Tourismusgemeinschaft Zugspitz-Region
Site of the Zugspitz-Region, the Zugspitze is the highest mountain in Germany. (in German)

Munich ( München )
Landeshauptstadt München, the state capital. 

Other Major Cities:
The city was laid to waste by the Huns in the fifth century, by Charlemagne in the eighth, and by Welf of Bavaria in the eleventh; it rose each time only to greater prosperity.
City of Bamberg, the Old Town of Bamberg is a World Heritage Site since 1993.
City of Richard Wagner and the Bayreuth Festival.
University city.
In 1835, the first German railway was opened between Nuremberg and Fürth.
Audi city.
Nürnberg (Nuremberg)
Albrecht Dürer was born here.
The Dreiflüssestadt (City of Three Rivers) located at the Danube River's confluence with Inn River and the Ilz.
The city's medieval center is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Rothenburg ob der Tauber
The city is known for its well-preserved medieval old town.
The university city on the Main River.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information



Universität Augsburg
Augsburg, founded 1970.
Universität Bayreuth
Bayreuth. foundation in 1972.
Bavaria's second largest state university founded in 1742, Erlangen-Nürnberg
Universität Passau
Universität Regensburg
Regensburg, founded in1967.
Bayrische Julius-Maximilians-Universität

"Elite" Universities in Bavaria, Germany's Ivy League.
Technische Universität München TU

Environment & Nature

Nature Parks in Bavaria
Naturpark Altmühltal
Nature park Altmühltal, one of the most popular holiday areas of South Germany.
Naturpark Augsburg-Westliche Wälder
Nature park near the city of Augsburg (in German).

Bavarian Forest
Naturpark Bayerischer Wald
Bavarian Forest Nature Park, situated in the southeast of Germany, between the Danube and the Bavarian-Bohemian border.
Naturpark Oberer Bayerischer Wald
Oberer Bayerischer Wald is the largest nature park in Bavaria (in German).

Fränkische Schweiz
Naturpark Fränkische Schweiz - Veldensteiner Forst
The nature park with its heartland the “Fränkische Schweiz” (in German).
Naturpark Frankenhöhe
The nature park is situated in the northeast of the famous city Rothenburg o.d.T., at the border to Baden-Württemberg.

Naturpark Steigerwald
The nature park is situated between the Main and Aisch rivers and the four cities Würzburg, Bamberg, Nuremberg, and Rothenburg ob der Tauber.

Naturpark Oberpfälzer Wald
The Nature Park north of the city of Regensburg (in German).
Naturpark Nördlicher Oberpfälzer Wald
The Nature Park is situated in the north-east of Bavaria, at the border to Czech Republic (in German).

Naturpark Spessart
A nature reserve in the Spessart, a densely wooded hill chain in northwestern Bavaria and southern Hesse.

Naturparke Deutschland
A guide to nature and national parks in Germany.


The Free State of Bavaria has been a state of the Federal Republic of Germany since 1949. Following World War II Bavaria fell into the American Occupation Zone. Due to the political rebuild of Germany with new regional divisions, Bavaria lost the Rhenish Palatinate region to Rhineland-Palatinate in 1946.

Haus der Bayerischen Geschichte
Centre of Bavarian History.

Bavarian history
An overview and timeline of Bavaria's history from the state government's site.

History of Bavaria
Bavaria's history from 1506 till 1871.

History of Bavaria
Wikipedia entry about Bavaria's history.


More about Bavaria

Wikipedia: Bavaria
Federal States of Germany
Baden-Württemberg | Bavaria | Berlin | Brandenburg | Bremen | Hamburg | Hesse | Lower Saxony | Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania | North Rhine-Westphalia | Rhineland-Palatinate | Saarland | Saxony | Saxony-Anhalt | Schleswig-Holstein | Thuringia