Nations Online Logo
One World
Nations Online
Home Earth Continents The Americas Puerto Rico

___ Puerto Rico

A virtual travel guide to Puerto Rico, this page is about many aspects of this island of the Greater Antilles. Search and locate official web sites from the country, and find comprehensive information on the nation in its diversity: Puerto Rican culture, history and geography. Get key information on Puerto Rico's economy, education, science, environment, population, and government.
You will have access to news from Puerto Rico and find maps and other tourism information for sightseeing, travel and holidays in Puerto Rico.

San Felipe del Morro Fort
San Felipe del Morro Fort, San Juan
© Puerto Rico Tourism Company

Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

Country Profile

Flag of Puerto Rico

Flag of Puerto Rico
Where in the world is Puerto Rico?

Before colonization the Caribbean island was inhabited by Arawak Indians known as Taínos.
The group of islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean was discovered by Columbus in 1493 who, common practice, claimed San Juan Bautista, how he named the island, immediately for the Spanish Empire.
After four centuries of Spanish colonial rule, in the year 1898, following the Spanish-American War, the island was ceded by Spain to the United States.
Today the island state is a self-governing unincorporated organized territory of the United States.
A popularly elected governor has served since 1948. In plebiscites held in 1967 and 1993, voters chose to retain commonwealth status.
(Various Sources)

related countries: Spain, United States

Other island of the Greater Antilles:
the island of Hispaniola with Dominican Republic and Haiti

Official Name:
Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
(Commonwealth of Puerto Rico)

short form: Puerto Rico

ISO Country Code: pr

Time Zone: Atlantic Standard Time
Local Time = UTC -4h
Actual Time: Tue-Mar-3  20:09

Country Calling Code: +1 787 or +1 939

Capital City: San Juan (pop. 435 000)

Other Cities:
Bayamón (224 000), Carolina (186 000), Ponce (186 000), Caguas (140 502)

Type: Commonwealth
Chief of state: President George W. BUSH
Independence: none (commonwealth associated with the US)
Constitution: ratified 3 March 1952; effective 25 July 1952

Location: Caribbean island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic.
Terrain: Mostly mountains with coastal plain belt in north; mountains precipitous to sea on west coast; sandy beaches along most coastal areas.

Climate: Tropical marine, mild; little seasonal temperature variation, south coast relatively dry; fertile coastal plain belt in north.

Nationality: noun: Puerto Rican(s), adjective: Puerto Rican
Population: 3 800 000
Ethnic Groups: white (mostly Spanish origin) 80.5%, black 8%, Amerindian 0.4%, Asian 0.2%, mixed and other 10.9%
Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%
Languages: Spanish, English (both official)
Literacy: 94.1%

Natural resources: Some copper and nickel; potential for onshore and offshore oil.

Agriculture products: Milk (dairy), Poultry, Plantains, Ornamental Plants, Coffee, Beef and Veal, Bananas, Pork, Fighting Cocks, Seeds and Seedlings

Industries: Pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products, tourism.

Currency: US Dollar (USD)

Puerto Rico in Figures
More Puerto Rico statistical data.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.  

Official Sites of Puerto Rico
Official Guide to the Government of Puerto Rico.

Government of Puerto Rico Office of the Governor
(in Spanish)

Senado del Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico Senate (in Spanish)

Diplomatic Missions
U.S. Embassies around the world
U.S. representations in foreign countries, links to the American embassies.

Puerto Rico -- Municipio
U.S. Census Bureau 2000 population results.
Puerto Rico in Figures
Puerto Rico key statistical data.

National Weather Service - Forecast Office
Current Weather and Forecasts, United States NOAA San Juan Office.

profile Map of Puerto Rico
Reference Map of Puerto Rico.
Google Earth Google Earth Map Puerto Rico
Searchable map and satellite view of Puerto Rico.
Google Earth Google Earth Map San Juan
Searchable map and satellite view of Puerto Rico's capital.
Google Earth Google Earth Map of Arecibo Observatory
Satellite view of one of the largest observatories in the world.

Map of Central America and the Caribbean
Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean. 


Puerto Rico News

La Estrella de Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico Magazine (Spanish).
El Nuevo Dia
National and international news (Spanish).
Primera Hora
Spanish daily, San Juan (Spanish).
Puerto Rico portal with current news (Spanish).

Yahoo! News Full Coverage-Puerto Rico News


Arts & Culture

A Collector's Vision of Puerto Rico
Art and artifacts of Puerto Rico's history and culture, the Vidal Collection at the National Museum of American History.
El Museo del Barrio
New York City's only Latino museum dedicated to Puerto Rican, Caribbean and Latin American art.
Fundación Nacional para la Cultura Popular
Popular Culture of Puerto Rico.
Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña
Institute of Puerto Rican Culture (Spanish).
Museo de Arte de Ponce
Museum of Art, Ponce.
Museo de Arte de Puerto Rico
Artmuseum, San Juan.
El cuarto del Quenepón
Art and Literature magazine (Spanish).


Business & Economy

ABPR - Asociacion de Bancos de Puerto Rico
The Association of Banks.
Banco Popular de Puerto Rico
The largest Puerto Rican bank, as well as the largest Hispanic bank in USA.
Cámara de Comercio de PR
Puerto Rico Chamber of Commerce (Spanish)
Puerto Rico Convention Bureau
The Convention Bureau markets Puerto Rico as a meetings and conventions destination.
Directorio de Puerto Rico Comercial y Profesional
Business directory of Puerto Rico indexed by categories and location (Spanish)
Puerto Rico Manufacturers Association

Products of Puerto Rico
White Rum
Café Rico
Café Rico was the leading coffee company during the first part of the century.

Destination Puerto Rico - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Puerto Rico: Seven Seas - Punta Santiago - Sun Bay - Caja de Muerto - Ballenas - Caña Gorda - Boquerón - Rincón Bay
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards,biking, cruising, diving, trekking, fishing, golf, horseback riding, tours and much more.

Puerto Rico
The Official Puerto Rico Tourism Site.

Puerto Rico Hotel & Tourism Association
Escape to Puerto Rico
Internet Travel Guide to Puerto Rico.

Puerto Rico Internet Photo Gallery
Puerto Rico images.
Puerto Rico Online Magazine
Puerto Rico travel guide and portal.
Sol Boricua
Images, Geograhpy, History, Visitor Facts and T-shirts.
 Welcome to Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico Guide.

Historical Photographs of Puerto Rico, 1898-1940

San Juan
San Juan Ciudad Capital
The Municipality of San Juan.
San Juan
Feel San Juan - the official tourism guide to San Juan.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Casa Serrallés
Serrallés Castle © Puerto Rico Tourism Company


Universidad Interamericana de Puerto Rico
Founded in 1912 as the Polytechnic Institute.
Universidad de Puerto Rico
Universidad del Sagrado Corazón
Santurce, Puerto Rico (Spanish).

__Science and Research
Arecibo Observatory
National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center, delivers also the data for the SETI Project - Search for ExtraTerrestrial Intelligence.
Arecibo Observatory
Arecibo Observatory


National Hurricane Center / Tropical Prediction Center - NHC/TPC
Hurricane Awareness.


Puerto Rico History
Provided by prmag.
Puerto Rico at the Dawn of the Modern Age
by the Library of US Congress.
Timeline of the History of Puerto Rico
WWW-VL History: Puerto Rico


Taino Turabo Aymaco Tribe of Puerto Rico
The Official Website of the Aymaco Taino.
The Jatibonicu Taino Tribal Nation of Boriken
Government of the Jatibonicu Taino People.
The United Confederation Of Taino People (UCTP)
The United Confederation of Taino People is a link to the First Nations of the Caribbean. News Journal, petitions and archives are online.

Puerto Rican Issues

Puerto Rico Herald
The Voice of Puerto Rico Self-Determination.
Infosite of the Puerto Rican Independence Movement.

Vieques Libre
Voice of the Vieques anti-Navy organizations.

May 8, 2003
The US Navy bombing tests and military practice on the island of Vieques, Puerto Rico, has ended. On May 1, citizens in Vieques celebrated the first day in over 60 years without a US Navy bombing run.


Biblioteca Virtual de Puerto Rico
Index of Puerto Rico Links (in Spanish).
A Puerto Rico Network.
 Directory of Resources for Research on Puerto Rico
Comprehensive list of links to Puerto Rico related sites (Spanish/English).
Search Puerto Rico.

Additional Information on Puerto Rico

BBC News Country Profile: Puerto Rico
Governments on the WWW: Puerto Rico
LANIC - Puerto Rico
Open Directory Project: Puerto Rico
Wikipedia: Puerto Rico
The World Factbook -- Puerto Rico
Travel Links
Top Travel Destinations
Maps of the World
International Airlines
Popular Country Pages

South Korea

Updated Country Profiles
New Zealand

Search Nations Online
Bookmark/share this page:

 Support UNICEF Valid HTML5!
Valid CSS
Other Political Divisions of the United States:
US States | American Samoa | Guam | Northern Mariana Island | US Virgin Islands

Other Countries and Territories in the Caribbean
Anguilla | Antigua and Barbuda | Aruba | Bahamas | Barbados | British Virgin Islands | Cuba | Dominica
Dominican Republic | Grenada | Guadeloupe | Haiti | Jamaica | Martinique | Montserrat | Netherlands Antilles
Saint Kitts and Nevis | Saint Lucia | Saint Vincent and the Grenadines | Trinidad and Tobago | U.S. Virgin Islands

Countries of the World: A - C | D - G | H - L | M - P | Q - T | U - Z
Continents: Africa | The Americas | Asia | Australia/Oceania | Europe

Actually, there are more than five colors,

Baron de Coubertin would have loved to use them all.

Why is it, that Gay and Lesbian people still are victims of persecution, harassment, and assaults occasioning actual bodily harm or worse?
Our world would be much poorer and colder without the creativity and ingenuity of the colorful LGBT* culture.
So, get up, stand up, and don't let it happen again and again and again.

Nature made sure, that all men are able to love each other without distinction of gender. This ability empowers humans to care for and to help each other. Natures gift simply secures the survival of the species.
But in some societies this natural law has been neglected by religions, governments and other interest groups in favour for better controllable straight-laced communities.

But if you know what life is worth, You will look for yours on earth
(lyrics from the song Get Up, Stand Up)
Bob Marley

* LGBT - acronym for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender

Declaration of Human Rights

Article I
All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2
Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status.