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___ Puerto Rico

Condado beach, Santurce, San Juan, Puerto Rico
Condado oceanfront, a tree-lined pedestrian-oriented community in Santurce, one of the districts of San Juan.
Image: Tomas Fano
Flag of Puerto Rico
Flag of Puerto Rico

Location map of Puerto Rico. Where in the world is Puerto Rico?
Location map of Puerto Rico
Destination Puerto Rico, one of the islands of the Greater Antilles in the eastern Caribbean Sea, located 125 km (78 mi) east of the island Hispaniola, (which is shared by Haiti and the Dominican Republic).

Compared, Puerto Rico's area is slightly smaller than that of Cyprus or slightly less than three times the size of the US state of Rhode Island.

The island's landscape offers green mountains, waterfalls, tropical rainforests and sandy beaches along most coastal areas. Puerto Rico's highest point is with 1,338 m Cerro de Punta.

Moderated by easterly trade winds, Puerto Rico enjoys a pleasant tropical climate with relatively low humidity.

The island is a self-governing unincorporated territory of the United States, capital is San Juan. The island is home to 3.47 million people (2015). Official languages are Spanish and English. Puerto Rico's population is somewhat in decline, many Puerto Ricans, who are U.S. citizens, move to the United States mainland, Puerto Rico's faltering economy and an unemployment rate of more than 12%, and almost 28% of youth unemployment, has drained the island of its people.

Other island of the Greater Antilles are Cuba, the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic and Haiti and Jamaica.

Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

Country Profile

Before colonization the Caribbean island was inhabited by Arawak Indians known as Taínos.

The group of islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean was discovered by Columbus in 1493 who, common practice among explorers, claimed San Juan Bautista (that's how he named the island) immediately for the Spanish Empire.

After four centuries of Spanish colonial rule, in the year 1898, following the Spanish-American War, the island was ceded by Spain to the United States.
Today the island state is a self-governing unincorporated organized territory of the United States.

A popularly elected governor has served since 1948. In plebiscites held in 1967 and 1993, voters chose to retain commonwealth status.
(Various Sources)

Related countries: Spain, United States

Official Name:
Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
(Commonwealth of Puerto Rico)

short form: Puerto Rico

ISO Country Code: pr

Time Zone: Atlantic Standard Time
Local Time = UTC -4h
Actual Time: Fri-May-26  20:43

Country Calling Code: +1 787 or +1 939

Capital City: San Juan (pop. 435 000)

Other Cities:
Bayamón (224 000), Carolina (186 000), Ponce (186 000), Caguas (140 502)

Type: Commonwealth
Chief of state: President George W. BUSH
Independence: none (commonwealth associated with the US)
Constitution: ratified 3 March 1952; effective 25 July 1952

Location: Caribbean island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic.
Terrain: Mostly mountains with coastal plain belt in north; mountains precipitous to sea on west coast; sandy beaches along most coastal areas.

Climate: Tropical marine, mild; little seasonal temperature variation, south coast relatively dry; fertile coastal plain belt in north.

Nationality: noun: Puerto Rican(s), adjective: Puerto Rican
Population: 3,47 million (2015)
Ethnic Groups: white (mostly Spanish origin) 80.5%, black 8%, Amerindian 0.4%, Asian 0.2%, mixed and other 10.9%
Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%
Languages: Spanish, English (both official)
Literacy: 94.1%

Natural resources: Some copper and nickel; potential for onshore and offshore oil.

Agriculture products: Milk (dairy), Poultry, Plantains, Ornamental Plants, Coffee, Beef and Veal, Bananas, Pork, Fighting Cocks, Seeds and Seedlings

Industries: Pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products, tourism.

Exports - commodities: chemicals, electronics, apparel, canned tuna, rum, beverage concentrates, medical equipment.

Exports partners: United States 70%, United Kingdom 1.6%, Dominican Republic 1.4%, Netherlands

Imports - commodities: chemicals, machinery and equipment, clothing, food, fish, petroleum products.

Imports partners: United States 43%

Currency: US Dollar (USD)

Puerto Rico in Figures
More Puerto Rico statistical data.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.  

Official Sites of Puerto Rico
Official Guide to the Government of Puerto Rico.

Government of Puerto Rico Office of the Governor
(in Spanish)

Senado del Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico Senate (in Spanish)

Diplomatic Missions
U.S. Embassies around the world
U.S. representations in foreign countries, links to the American embassies.

Puerto Rico -- Municipio
U.S. Census Bureau 2000 population results.
Puerto Rico in Figures
Puerto Rico key statistical data.

National Weather Service - Forecast Office
Current Weather and Forecasts, United States NOAA San Juan Office.


profile Map of Puerto Rico
Reference Map of Puerto Rico.
Google Earth Google Earth Map Puerto Rico
Searchable map and satellite view of Puerto Rico.
Google Earth Google Earth Map San Juan
Searchable map and satellite view of Puerto Rico's capital.
Google Earth Google Earth Map of Arecibo Observatory
Satellite view of one of the largest observatories in the world.

Map of Central America and the Caribbean
Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean. 


Puerto Rico News

La Estrella de Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico Magazine (Spanish).
El Nuevo Dia
National and international news (Spanish).
Primera Hora
Spanish daily, San Juan (Spanish).
Puerto Rico portal with current news (Spanish).

Yahoo! News Full Coverage-Puerto Rico News

Bookmark/share this page

Arts & Culture

A Collector's Vision of Puerto Rico
Art and artifacts of Puerto Rico's history and culture, the Vidal Collection at the National Museum of American History.
El Museo del Barrio
New York City's only Latino museum dedicated to Puerto Rican, Caribbean and Latin American art.
Fundación Nacional para la Cultura Popular
Popular Culture of Puerto Rico.
Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña
Institute of Puerto Rican Culture (Spanish).
Museo de Arte de Ponce
Museum of Art, Ponce.
Museo de Arte de Puerto Rico
Artmuseum, San Juan.
El cuarto del Quenepón
Art and Literature magazine (Spanish).
San Felipe del Morro Fort, Puerto Rico
San Felipe del Morro Fort, San Juan.
© Puerto Rico Tourism Company

Business & Economy

ABPR - Asociacion de Bancos de Puerto Rico
The Association of Banks.
Banco Popular de Puerto Rico
The largest Puerto Rican bank, as well as the largest Hispanic bank in USA.
Cámara de Comercio de PR
Puerto Rico Chamber of Commerce (Spanish)
Puerto Rico Convention Bureau
The Convention Bureau markets Puerto Rico as a meetings and conventions destination.
Directorio de Puerto Rico Comercial y Profesional
Business directory of Puerto Rico indexed by categories and location (Spanish)
Puerto Rico Manufacturers Association

Products of Puerto Rico
White Rum
Café Rico
Café Rico was the leading coffee company during the first part of the century.
Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Destination Puerto Rico - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Puerto Rico: Seven Seas - Punta Santiago - Sun Bay - Caja de Muerto - Ballenas - Caña Gorda - Boquerón - Rincón Bay
Accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards,biking, cruising, diving, trekking, fishing, golf, horseback riding, tours and much more.

Puerto Rico
The Official Puerto Rico Tourism Site.

Puerto Rico Hotel & Tourism Association
Escape to Puerto Rico
Internet Travel Guide to Puerto Rico.

Puerto Rico Internet Photo Gallery
Puerto Rico images.
Puerto Rico Online Magazine
Puerto Rico travel guide and portal.
Sol Boricua
Images, Geograhpy, History, Visitor Facts and T-shirts.
 Welcome to Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico Guide.

Historical Photographs of Puerto Rico, 1898-1940

San Juan
San Juan Ciudad Capital
The Municipality of San Juan.
San Juan
Feel San Juan - the official tourism guide to San Juan.
Casa Serrallés, Ponce, Puerto Rico
Castillo Serrallés, a mansion located in the city of Ponce.
© Puerto Rico Tourism Company


Universidad Interamericana de Puerto Rico
Founded in 1912 as the Polytechnic Institute.
Universidad de Puerto Rico
Universidad del Sagrado Corazón
Santurce, Puerto Rico (Spanish).

__Science and Research
Arecibo Observatory
National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center, delivers also the data for the SETI Project - Search for ExtraTerrestrial Intelligence.
Arecibo Observatory, Arecibo,  Puerto Rico
Arecibo Observatory, a radio telescope in Arecibo municipality.

Environment & Nature

National Hurricane Center / Tropical Prediction Center - NHC/TPC
Hurricane Awareness.


Puerto Rico History
Provided by prmag.
Puerto Rico at the Dawn of the Modern Age
by the Library of US Congress.
Timeline of the History of Puerto Rico
WWW-VL History: Puerto Rico


Taino Turabo Aymaco Tribe of Puerto Rico
The Official Website of the Aymaco Taino.
The Jatibonicu Taino Tribal Nation of Boriken
Government of the Jatibonicu Taino People.
The United Confederation Of Taino People (UCTP)
The United Confederation of Taino People is a link to the First Nations of the Caribbean. News Journal, petitions and archives are online.

Puerto Rican Issues

Puerto Rico Herald
The Voice of Puerto Rico Self-Determination.
Infosite of the Puerto Rican Independence Movement.

Vieques Libre
Voice of the Vieques anti-Navy organizations.

May 8, 2003
The US Navy bombing tests and military practice on the island of Vieques, Puerto Rico, has ended. On May 1, citizens in Vieques celebrated the first day in over 60 years without a US Navy bombing run.


Biblioteca Virtual de Puerto Rico
Index of Puerto Rico Links (in Spanish).
A Puerto Rico Network.
 Directory of Resources for Research on Puerto Rico
Comprehensive list of links to Puerto Rico related sites (Spanish/English).
Search Puerto Rico.

Additional Information on Puerto Rico

BBC News Country Profile: Puerto Rico

LANIC - Puerto Rico
Open Directory Project: Puerto Rico
Wikipedia: Puerto Rico
The World Factbook -- Puerto Rico
 Support UNICEF

Other Political Divisions of the United States:
US States | American Samoa | Guam | Northern Mariana Island | US Virgin Islands

Other Countries and Territories in the Caribbean
Anguilla | Antigua and Barbuda | Aruba | Bahamas | Barbados | British Virgin Islands | Cuba | Dominica
Dominican Republic | Grenada | Guadeloupe | Haiti | Jamaica | Martinique | Montserrat | Netherlands Antilles
Saint Kitts and Nevis | Saint Lucia | Saint Vincent and the Grenadines | Trinidad and Tobago | U.S. Virgin Islands