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Image: Tomas Fano
Flag of Puerto Rico
If compared, Puerto Rico's area is slightly smaller than Cyprus or slightly less than three times the size of the US state of Rhode Island.
The island's landscape offers green mountains, waterfalls, tropical rainforests and sandy beaches along most coastal areas. Puerto Rico's highest point is with 1,338 m Cerro de Punta.
Moderated by easterly trade winds, Puerto Rico enjoys a pleasant tropical climate with relatively low humidity.
The island is a self-governing unincorporated territory of the United States, capital is San Juan. Hispanic, Afro-Caribbean and North American influences determine the culture of the inhabitants of Puerto Rico. The island is home to 3.41 million people (in 2016). Official languages are Spanish and English. Puerto Rico's population is somewhat in decline, many Puerto Ricans, who are U.S. citizens, move to the United States mainland, Puerto Rico's faltering economy and an unemployment rate of more than 12%, and almost 28% of youth unemployment, has drained the island of its people.
In June 2017 Puerto Rico voted in a a nonbinding referendum overwhelmingly in favor of statehood. 97 percent voted for statehood, though turnout was only about 23 percent. One and a half percent voted for independence from the United States.
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
Before colonization the Caribbean island was inhabited by Arawak Indians known as Taínos.
The group of islands between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean was 'discovered' by Columbus in 1493 who, common practice among explorers, claimed San Juan Bautista (that's how he named the island) immediately for the Spanish Empire.
After four centuries of Spanish colonial rule, in the year 1898, the US invaded and occupied Puerto Rico, ending the centuries of rule from Spain.
Today the island state is a kind of self-governing unincorporated organized territory of the United States.
A popularly elected governor has served since 1948. In plebiscites held in 1967 and 1993, voters chose to retain commonwealth status.
Related countries: Spain, United States
Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
(Commonwealth of Puerto Rico)
short form: Puerto Rico
ISO Country Code: pr
Time Zone: Atlantic Standard Time
Local Time = UTC -4h
Actual Time: Fri-July-28 15:05
Country Calling Code: +1 787 or +1 939
Capital City: San Juan (pop. 435 000)
Bayamón (224 000), Carolina (186 000), Ponce (186 000), Caguas (140 502)
Chief of state: President George W. BUSH
Independence: none (commonwealth associated with the US)
Constitution: ratified 3 March 1952; effective 25 July 1952
Location: Caribbean island between the Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean, east of the Dominican Republic.
Terrain: Mostly mountains with coastal plain belt in north; mountains precipitous to sea on west coast; sandy beaches along most coastal areas.
Climate: Tropical marine, mild; little seasonal temperature variation, south coast relatively dry; fertile coastal plain belt in north.
Nationality: noun: Puerto Rican(s), adjective: Puerto Rican
Population: 3,41 million (2016)
Ethnic Groups: white (mostly Spanish origin) 80.5%, black 8%, Amerindian 0.4%, Asian 0.2%, mixed and other 10.9%
Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%
Languages: Spanish, English (both official)
Natural resources: Some copper and nickel; potential for onshore and offshore oil.
Agriculture products: Milk (dairy), Poultry, Plantains, Ornamental Plants, Coffee, Beef and Veal, Bananas, Pork, Fighting Cocks, Seeds and Seedlings.
Industries: Pharmaceuticals, electronics, apparel, food products, tourism.
Exports - commodities: chemicals, electronics, apparel, canned tuna, rum, beverage concentrates, medical equipment.
Exports partners: United States 70%, United Kingdom 1.6%, Dominican Republic 1.4%, Netherlands
Imports - commodities: chemicals, machinery and equipment, clothing, food, fish, petroleum products.
Imports partners: United States 43%
Currency: US Dollar (USD)
Puerto Rico in Figures
More Puerto Rico statistical data.
Image: Jerrye & Roy Klotz, MD
Official Sites of Puerto RicoNote: External links will open in a new browser window.
Official Guide to the Government of Puerto Rico.
Government of Puerto Rico Office of the Governor
Senado del Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico Senate (in Spanish)
U.S. Embassies around the world
U.S. representations in foreign countries, links to the American embassies.
U.S. Census Bureau Puerto Rico population.
Puerto Rico in Figures
Puerto Rico key statistical data.
National Weather Service - Forecast Office
Current Weather and Forecasts, United States NOAA San Juan Office.
Map of Puerto Rico
Reference Map of Puerto Rico.
Google Earth Map Puerto Rico
Searchable map and satellite view of Puerto Rico.
Google Earth Map San Juan
Searchable map and satellite view of Puerto Rico's capital.
Google Earth Map of Arecibo Observatory
Satellite view of one of the largest observatories in the world.
Map of Central America and the Caribbean
Reference Map of Central America and the Caribbean.
Puerto Rico News
El Nuevo Dia
National and international news (in Spanish).
Spanish daily, San Juan.
El Vocero de Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico daily (in Spanish).
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & CultureA wild mix of Hispanic, Afro-Caribbean and North American influences determine art and culture of Puerto Rico.
A Collector's Vision of Puerto Rico
Art and artifacts of Puerto Rico's history and culture, the Vidal Collection at the National Museum of American History.
El Museo del Barrio
New York City's only Latino museum dedicated to Puerto Rican, Caribbean and Latin American art.
Fundación Nacional para la Cultura Popular
Popular Culture of Puerto Rico.
Instituto de Cultura Puertorriqueña
Institute of Puerto Rican Culture (Spanish).
Museo de Arte de Ponce
Museum of Art, Ponce.
Museo de Arte de Puerto Rico
Artmuseum, San Juan.
© Puerto Rico Tourism Company
© Puerto Rico Tourism Company
Business & Economy
ABPR - Asociacion de Bancos de Puerto Rico
The Association of Banks.
Banco Popular de Puerto Rico
The largest Puerto Rican bank, as well as the largest Hispanic bank in USA.
Cámara de Comercio de PR
Puerto Rico Chamber of Commerce (Spanish)
Puerto Rico Convention Bureau
The Convention Bureau markets Puerto Rico as a meetings and conventions destination.
Directorio de Puerto Rico Comercial y Profesional
Business directory of Puerto Rico indexed by categories and location (Spanish)
Puerto Rico Manufacturers Association
Products of Puerto Rico
Café Rico was the leading coffee company during the first part of the century.
Image: cogito ergo imago
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Destination Puerto Rico - Travel and Tour Guides
Discover Puerto Rico: Seven Seas - Punta Santiago - Sun Bay - Caja de Muerto - Ballenas - Caña Gorda - Boquerón - Rincón Bay
Old San Juan (historic colonial section of the city); Castillo San Felipe del Morro (16th-century fortress in San Juan); Castillo San Cristóbal (largest fort in the Americas built by the Spanish); La Fortaleza (16th century fortification and the official residence of the Governor of Puerto Rico) and San Juan National Historic Site (UNESCO World Heritage Site);
El Yunque National Forest (tropical rainforest);
Find accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards,biking, cruising, diving, trekking, fishing, golf, horseback riding, tours and much more.
See Puerto Rico
The Official Puerto Rico Tourism Site.
Puerto Rico Hotel & Tourism Association
Puerto Rico Hotels.
Escape to Puerto Rico
Internet Travel Guide to Puerto Rico.
Puerto Rico Online Magazine
Puerto Rico travel guide and portal.
Images, Geograhpy, History, Visitor Facts and T-shirts.
Welcome to Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico Guide.
Archivo Historico y Fotografico de Puerto Rico
Historical Photographs of Puerto Rico
San Juan Ciudad Capital
The Municipality of San Juan.
Feel San Juan - the official tourism guide to San Juan.
Image: Kenneth John Gill
Universidad Interamericana de Puerto Rico
Founded in 1912 as the Polytechnic Institute.
Universidad de Puerto Rico
Universidad del Sagrado Corazón
Santurce, Puerto Rico (Spanish).
__Science and Research
National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center, delivers also the data for the SETI Project - Search for ExtraTerrestrial Intelligence.
Image: Geoff Gallice
Environment & Nature
El Yunque National Forest
USDA Forest Service.
National Hurricane Center / Tropical Prediction Center - NHC/TPC
Puerto Rico at the Dawn of the Modern Age
by the Library of US Congress.
Timeline of the History of Puerto Rico
WWW-VL History: Puerto Rico
The Jatibonicu Taino Tribal Nation of Boriken
Government of the Jatibonicu Taino People.
The United Confederation Of Taino People (UCTP)
The United Confederation of Taino People is a link to the First Nations of the Caribbean. News Journal, petitions and archives are online.
Puerto Rican Issues
Puerto Rico Herald
The Voice of Puerto Rico Self-Determination.
Infosite of the Puerto Rican Independence Movement.
Voice of the Vieques anti-Navy organizations.
May 8, 2003
The US Navy bombing tests and military practice on the island of Vieques, Puerto Rico, has ended. On May 1, citizens in Vieques celebrated the first day in over 60 years without a US Navy bombing run.
SearchBiblioteca Virtual de Puerto Rico
Index of Puerto Rico Links (in Spanish).
Search Puerto Rico.
Sources and additional Information on Puerto Rico
Amnesty International: Puerto Rico
BBC Country Profile: Puerto Rico
Freedom House: Puerto Rico
GlobalEDGE: Puerto Rico
Human Rights Watch: Puerto Rico
OEC: Puerto Rico
Wikipedia: Puerto Rico
The World Factbook -- Puerto Rico
Other Political Divisions of the United States:
US States | American Samoa | Guam | Northern Mariana Island | US Virgin Islands
Other Countries and Territories in the Caribbean
Anguilla | Antigua and Barbuda | Aruba | Bahamas | Barbados | British Virgin Islands | Cuba | Dominica
Dominican Republic | Grenada | Guadeloupe | Haiti | Jamaica | Martinique | Montserrat | Netherlands Antilles
Saint Kitts and Nevis | Saint Lucia | Saint Vincent and the Grenadines | Trinidad and Tobago | U.S. Virgin Islands
Major Cities in the Caribbean:
Basse-Terre, Basseterre, Bridgetown, Castries, Charlotte Amalie, Fort-de-France, Hamilton, Havana, Kingston, Kingstown, Nassau, Oranjestad, Port-au-Prince, Port-of-Spain, Roseau, Saint George's, Saint John's, Saint Martin, San Juan, Santo Domingo, The Valley, Willemstad
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