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___ Satellite View an Map of Nizhny Novgorod (Ни́жний Но́вгород)

Panorama view of the spit at the confluence of the Volga and Oka rivers in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Nizhny Novgorod's Kremlin is a fortress with 2 km of walls and 13 towers in the historic city center. Construction of the stone Kremlin began in 1500 with the building of the Ivanovskaya Tower. Dmitrovskaya Tower, the main tower was built earlier in the mid 14th century.
Image: Bestalex

About Nizhny Novgorod

Panorama view of the spit at the confluence of the Volga and Oka rivers in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
The Spit (Стрелка, Strelka) at the confluence of the Volga and Oka rivers in Nizhny Novgorod, view from the city's Fedorovskogo Embankment. The yellow-ish church on the Spit is St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral.
Image: Alexander Savin
Nizhny Novgorod Coat of ArmsSatellite view and map shows Nizhny Novgorod (Russian: Ни́жний Но́вгород) or just Nizhny. The fifth largest city in Russia is situated on the confluence of the Volga and the Oka rivers, about one-hour flight, or 420 km (260 mi) by road, east of Moscow.

The city is the administrative center of the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (or Nizhegorod Oblast), a region in European Russia. Nizhny Novgorod may not to be confused with Novgorod (Veliky Novgorod), capital of Novgorod Oblast (located between Saint Petersburg and Moscow).

Nizhny Novgorod was known as Gorky city (from 1932 until 1990), named after the Russian writer Maxim Gorky, who was born there.

Early history
Nizhny Novgorod was established by Prince Yuri Vsevolodovich (aka Yuri II of Vladimir) in 1221. He built a wooden fortress, a frontier post to secure the area from attacks by the Volga Bulgars and the Mordvinians. The location was an important strategic site on two major trade routes, the Volga trade route and the 'Trade route from the Varangians to the Greeks'. Those medieval trade routes connected Northern Europe and Western Russia with the Caspian Sea via the Volga and the Eastern Roman Empire via the Don River.
In 1392 the settlement was incorporated into the principality of Moscow and developed into a stronghold. In 1469 Ivan III (the Great), and in 1552 Ivan IV (the Terrible) launched their expeditions from Nizhny Novgorod against the Tatar capital of Kazan.

Nizhny Novgorod today
The new multifunctional  Nizhny Novgorod Stadium in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Nizhny Novgorod Stadium a multi-functional arena built for the 2018 FIFA World Cup, in foreground St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral.
Image: Bestalex
Nizhny is an important transportation hub, and a commercial, scientific, educational and cultural center in Western Russia with a population of 1.26 million people.

The city is home to the Lobachevsky University - UNN (, established in 1916. It is one of the leading research universities in Russia.

Major points of interest for the busy tourist
The city's Kremlin (Kremlin, a citadel within a Russian town). Nizhny Novgorod's Kremlin is the centerpiece of the historic city center. The fortress was built between built between 1508 and 1515. At that time it was the most impressive medieval fortress in Central Russia.
Chkalov Stairs, fitness parkour Russian style, a monumental flight of steps in the center of the city, connecting Minin with Pozharsky Square, the Upper Volga and the Lower Volga embankments.
Fedorovsky Embankment, best view of the Volga and the Spit, a headland at the confluence of the Volga and Oka rivers.
Archangel Michael Cathedral, the church's foundation is as old as the city, the rest was rebuilt several times. Latest rebuilt was in the 1630s. And one more church, the St. Alexander Nevsky Cathedral, located on the Spit (Стрелка, Strelka). It is among the tallest churches in Russia.
The Pushkin State Academic Opera and Ballet Theater (, the theatre was one of the first operas in Russia to perform offstage.

2018 FIFA World Cup
Nizhny Novgorod is one of the eleven Russian cities that will host the 2018 FIFA World Cup. Six matches will be played in Nizhny Novgorod Stadium (capacity: 45,000). The first matches will be between Sweden and South Korea, Argentina vs Croatia, England meets Panama, and Switzerland against Costa Rica.

Like all larger cities in Russia, Nizhny is connected with Moscow by roads, railroads and planes. All Trans-Siberian trains (except train 99/100) from Moscow stop at Nizhny Novgorod. With the high speed train Sapsan, Moscow is just under 4 hours away.

Nizhny Novgorod International Airport, aka, Strigino International Airport (Russian: Аэропорт Стригино, IATA code: GOJ), located in the Avtozavodsky District, about 16 km (10 mi; 25 min) by road southwest of Nizhny Novgorod city. The airport is serving the city of Nizhny Novgorod and large portions of Nizhny Novgorod Oblast. There are regular flights to and from many major Russian cities including Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Surgut, and Yekaterinburg.

The Map shows a city map of Nizhny Novgorod with expressways, main roads and streets.
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Google Maps: Map and Satellite View of the City of Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Federation.
City Coordinates: 43°35′N 39°43′E
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External Links:
Nizhny Novgorod (official city web site)

Wikipedia: Nizhny Novgorod
Nizhny Novgorod Weather Conditions


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