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About South America

South America is a continent that comprises the southern half of the American landmass, it is connected to North America by the Isthmus of Panama. The continent is located almost entirely in the Southern Hemisphere, bordered in west by the Humboldt (Peru) Current of the Pacific Ocean, in east by the Brazil Current of the South Atlantic Ocean, and in north by the Caribbean Sea.

South America is the visible part of the South American Plate, which meets the Caribbean Plate in the Caribbean Sea in north, the Nazca plate in the South Pacific Ocean in west, and in east it adjoins the African plate, which includes the continent of Africa.

With an area of 17.8 million km² it is number four in the short list of the largest continents. South America has a population of about 400 million people (2012).
The continent includes the Falkland Islands, the Galapagos Islands, and the island of Tierra del Fuego (the southern tip of the continent).

Located on the South American mainland are 12 independent nations and one Overseas region of France.

Countries (sovereign states) in South America (capital cities in parentheses)
Argentina (Buenos Aires) | Bolivia (La Paz) | Brazil (Brasilia) | Chile (Santiago) | Colombia (Bogotá D.C.) | Ecuador (Quito) | French Guiana (Cayenne) | Guyana (Georgetown) | Paraguay (Asunción) | Peru (Lima) | Suriname (Paramaribo) | Uruguay (Montevideo) | Venezuela (Caracas), the island nation of Trinidad and Tobago (Port-of-Spain) comprising of two islands, is considered to be part of the Caribbean, but it's just off the northeastern coast of Venezuela.

Major rivers are the Amazon River (Amazonas) with its tributaries Rio Madeira, Rio Negro, and Rio Xingu, Rio Magdalena, Rio Orinoco. The Tocantins River, São Francisco River, and Rio Paraná are not tributaries of the Amazon.

South America Geographic Extremes
Geographical highlights: highest point, longest mountain range, etc. in South America. [show]

Clickable map of the countries in South America.
Click on the map to get to the respective country profile page, or use the links below.

Topographic Map of South America
Topographic Map of South America.

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Politcal Map of South America
Political Map of South America

The map of South America shows the states of South America with national borders, national capitals, as well as major cities, rivers, and lakes.

More about The Americas:

Related Categories:
Flags of the Americas
Languages of the Americas

Reference maps:
Political Map of North America
Physical Map of North America
Political Map of Central America and the Caribbean
Current Weather Conditions Caracas:
Weather station is at Simon Bolivar International Airport

Ushuaia, Argentina, on Tierra del Fuego Weather Conditions

Related Consumer Information:

Maps of Countries in South America:
Argentina Map, Brazil Map, Bolivia Map, Chile Map, Colombia Map, Ecuador Map, French Guiana, Guyana Map,
Paraguay Map, Peru Map, Suriname Map, Uruguay Map, Venezuela Map

Maps of Countries in Central America:
Belize Map, Costa Rica Map, El Salvador Map, Guatemala Map, Honduras Map, Nicaragua Map, Panama Map

All Countries of the World

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Honduras Tegucigalpa Nicaragua Costa Rica Panama Aruba Netherlands Antilles Martinique Saint Lucia Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Grenada Barbados Trinidad and Tobago Venezuela Colombia Guyana Suriname French Guiana Ecuador Managua Peru Chile Argentina Uruguay Paraguay Bolivia Brazil Dominica Guadeloupe San Jose, Costa Rica Panama City, Panama Caracas, Venezuela Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago Paramaribo, Suriname Georgetown, Guyana Cayenne, French Guiana Brasilia, Brazil La Paz, Bolivia Lima, Peru Quito, Ecuador Bogota, Colombia Santiago, Chile Buenos Aires, Argentina Montevideo, Uruguay Asuncion, Paraguay Porto Alegre, Brazil Curitiba, Brazil Sao Paulo, Brazil Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Campo Grande, Brazil Cuiaba, Brazil Porto Velho, Brazil Vitoria, Brazil Belo Horizonte, Brazil Salvador da Bahia, Brazil Maceio Recife Joao Pessoa Natal Fortaleza Sao Luis Bélem Macapa Manaus Boa Vista Rio Branco Goiania, Goiás Teresina, Piauí Palmas, Tocantins Aracaju, Sergipe Florianopolis, Santa Catarina