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Image: Justin Hwang
Flag of Taiwan
Taiwan is located north of the Philippines and the South China Sea, about 180 km off the southeastern coast of China, separated from the mainland by the Taiwan Strait. The island shares maritime borders with China, Japan, and the Philippines.
With an area of 36,188 km² Taiwan is slightly larger than Belgium or slightly smaller than the U.S. states of Maryland and Delaware combined.
The ROC has a population of 23.5 million (in 2015), making it one of the most populated countries in the world; capital city is Taipei, largest city is New Taipei City or Xinbei, an urban agglomeration with 4 million people that surrounds the capital.
Republic of China on Taiwan | 中华民国 | T'ai-wan
In 1895, military defeat forced China to cede Taiwan to Japan, however it reverted to Chinese control after World War II. Following the communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government using the 1947 constitution drawn up for all of China.
Over the next five decades, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the native population within its governing structure. Throughout this period, the island has prospered to become one of East Asia's economic "Tigers." The dominant political issue continues to be the relationship between Taiwan and China and the question of eventual reunification.
According to U.S. State Department, the United States and Taiwan enjoy a robust unofficial relationship. The 1979 U.S.-P.R.C. Joint Communique switched diplomatic recognition from Taipei to Beijing. The United States does not support Taiwan independence, but 'the 1979 Taiwan Relations Act provides the legal basis for the unofficial relationship between the United States and Taiwan, and enshrines the U.S. commitment to assist Taiwan in maintaining its defensive capability'.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook and others)
formally: Republic of China
traditional Chinese: 臺灣 or 台灣; simplified Chinese: 台湾; Pinyin: Táiwan
int'l short form: Taiwan
historically known as: Formosa
ISO Country Code: tw, twn
Actual Time: Tue-Oct-24 08:08
Local Time = UTC +8h
Country Calling Code: +886
Capital City: Taipei (pop. 2.6 million)
Other Cities: Kaohsiung (pop. 1.5 million).
Type: Multi-party democracy.
Constitution: 25 December 1946; last amended 2000.
Location: Eastern Asia, islands southeastern of the coast of China.
Area: 36,188 km² (13,972 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Largely mountainous.
Climate: Maritime subtropical.
Population: 23.5 million (2015)
Taiwan is the second most densely populated area in the world.
Ethnic groups: Taiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, aborigine 2%.
Religions: mixture of Buddhist, Confucian, and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%.
Languages: Putonghua (Mandarin Chinese, official), Holo Taiwanese, Hakka (spoken by the Hakka minority group), other indigenous languages (Formosan).
Literacy: 96 %.
Natural resources: Small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, and asbestos.
Agriculture products: Rice, corn, vegetables, fruit, tea; pigs, poultry, beef, milk, fish.
Industries: Electronics, petroleum refining, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, food processing.
Exports - commodities: semiconductors, petrochemicals, automobile/auto parts, ships, wireless communication equipment, flat display displays, steel, electronics, plastics, computers
Exports partners: China 27.1%, Hong Kong 13.2%, USA 10.3%, Japan 6.4%, Singapore 4.4% (2012 est.)
Imports - commodities: oil/petroleum, semiconductors, natural gas, coal, steel, computers, wireless communication equipment, automobiles, fine chemicals, textiles
Imports partners: Japan 17.6%, China 16.1%, USA 9.5% (2012 est.)
(Source: ROC Bureau of Foreign Trade -- Trade Statistics and CIA World Fact Book)
Currency: New Taiwan Dollar (TWD)
Image: Uwe Aranas
Official Sites of TaiwanNote: External links will open in a new browser window.
Government Information Office
Official website of the Republic of China with comprehensive Taiwan facts and figures.
Office of the President, Republic of China
ROC President Office Home Page.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Official Web Site of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in New York.
ROC Embassies and Missions Abroad
Map of Taiwan
Detailed Map of Taiwan.
Google Earth Taiwan
Searchable map/satellite view of Taiwan.
Google Earth Taipei
Searchable map/satellite view of Taiwan's capital city.
Administrative Map of China
Political Map of mainland China's Administrative Divisions.
Map of Southeast Asia
Map of the Southeast Asia region.
Map of Asia
Political Map of Asia.
Central Weather Bureau Taiwan
Taiwan's Central Weather Bureau Web Site.
The media environment in Taiwan is among the freest in Asia. Laws which prohibit the promotion of independence from China or communism are not generally enforced. According to RSF, the main threat to media freedom comes from China, which has been exerting growing economic and political pressure on the Taiwanese media.
Central News Agency
CNA - Taiwan's national news Agency.
Daily English-language newspaper.
National news (in Chinese)
The Taipei Times
National and international news.
The Voice of the People.
China Television Company, Ltd
Commercial advertising and broadcasting services.
Commercial TV broadcasts from Taiwan.
Taiwan Public Television Service Online
Non-profit terrestrial broadcaster echoing the island's staggering diversity (partly in English).
Bookmark/share this page
Arts & Culture
Council for Cultural Affairs
official site of Taiwan culture affairs.
Performing arts groups in Taiwan.
Kao-Hsiung Museum of Fine Arts
Southern Taiwan museum for fine arts.
Traditional Chinese Performing Arts in Taiwan.
A Survey of the Art Scene in Taiwan
A Review on the The Taiwan Art Scene by Roger McClanahan.
National Palace Museum
NPM in Taipei presents the foremost collections of Chinese art and objects in the world.
Business & Economy
Central Bank of China (Taiwan)
In 1923, Dr. Sun Yat-sen, National Father of the Republic of China, promoted the establishment of the Central Bank of China (the Bank) with the primary goal of financing national developments.
Taiwan Stock Exchange TWSE
Official website of Taiwan Stock Exchange Corporation.
Board of Foreign Trade, MOEA
An agency of the Ministry of Economic Affairs.
China External Trade Development Council (CETRA)
CETRA@NET - a gateway to trade with Taiwan.
Taiwan International Tradeshows
A guide to Taiwan's tradeshows.
China Airlines is Taiwan's largest air carrier. Operating one of the
youngest fleet in the world, their 66 advanced aircraft flying to 60
destinations of 23 countries in 4 continent.
EVA Air is part of the Evergreen Marine Corporation, EVA Air serves more than 40 destinations in Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Europe and North America.
Far Eastern Air Transport is the first private air transport company completely run by Taiwan people.
Operates on domestic and international routes.
Result of the merging of Great China Airlines and Taiwan Airways. (in Chinese)
Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport
By far Taiwan's most busiest international airport.
Official site of Taiwan's Railway.
Image: Kovis Lo
Destination Taiwan - Travel and Tour Guides
The Taiwan Tourism Bureau
Travel and Tour Consumer Information
Taiwan Tourism Information by the Ministry of Transportation and Communications.
Tourism Bureau Taiwan
About Taiwan, a country guide from the Government Information Office.(Nur PDF Datein gefunden)
Taipei Tourism Office
Taiwan information in German.
Taiwan's cultural event calender.
The National Scenic Areas in Taiwan
Information about the national scenic areas in Taiwan, from South up North:
Dapeng Bay National Scenic Area
About Dapeng Bay situated in the southwest coast.
Maolin National Scenic Area
About Maolin, situated in southeast Kaohsiung County.
More about Taiwan's Southwest Coast, the coastline along the three counties of Yunlin, Chiayi, and Tainan.
East Rift Valley
Scenic East Rift Valley situated at Hualien and Taitung counties.
Alishan National Scenic Area
A travel and tourism guide to Alishan, one of Taiwan's National Parks.
East Coast National Scenic Area
About the east coast of Taiwan between Hualien and Taitung.
Sun Moon Lake
Scenic Sun Moon Lake where water and sand meet.
Tri-Mountain National Scenic Area
Information about the three scenic areas: Lion's Head Mountain, Lishan, and Baguashan, in northern and central Taiwan.
More about Taiwan's NE coast.
North Coast and Guanyinshan National Scenic Area
More about Taiwan's North Coast Scenic Area.
A Window on Taiwan, online magazine.
Travel in Taiwan
Taiwan's Travel Magazine.
Official site of the Municipality of Taipei.
Official site of Kaohsiung City Government.
The Handy Guide for Foreigners in Taiwan
The latest edition of “The Handy Guide for Foreigners in Taiwan” is now out in both Chinese and English! Free downloads are available.
Image: Thomas Tucker
National Taiwan University
The predecessor of National Taiwan University was Taihoku (Taipei) Imperial University, founded by the Japanese in 1928.
Environment & Nature
Environmental Protection Administration - EPA
The EPA was founded with the mission of protecting and improving the environment.
Taiwan Forestry Research Institute
The Official website provides information about the work and the function of the research institute.
Nature Conservation Taiwan
Government agency for nature conservation in Taiwan.
Environmental issues facing Taiwan
Article analyzes the main environmental challenges Taiwan is facing.
It's complicated, article about the historical relations between China and Taiwan.
Formosa: 19th Century Images
Woodcuts, sketches and etchings concerning Taiwan.
New Taiwan, Ilha Formosa
With information on Taiwan's History.
Taiwan's 400 years of history
A virtual walk through the history of Taiwan.
Taiwan Timeline 1945 - 2002
Timeline of Chinese Imperial and Modern Dynasties.
© GIO - Photo: Larry Hsieh
Guardian Unlimited: Taiwan and China
The UK newspaper's articles regarding the Taiwan/China relations.
Taiwan Documents Project
Taiwan Documents Project was established in 1999 to provide researchers and other interested persons a comprehensive source of primary material relating to the dispute over Taiwan.
Taiwan Security Research
Designed to provide an unbiased, reliable English-language source of up-to-date information relating to Taiwan's security situation.
The Taiwan index.
Sources and additional Information on Taiwan
Amnesty International: Taiwan
BBC Country Profile: Taiwan
The Heritage Foundation: Taiwan
Human Rights Watch: Taiwan
Reporters Without Borders: Taiwan
The World Factbook -- Taiwan
Countries in East Asia:
China (PRC) | Japan | Mongolia | North Korea | South Korea | Taiwan (ROC)
Special Administrative Regions of China: Hong Kong | Macau | Tibet
Major cities in Eastern Asia:
Beijing, Busan, Chongqing, Fukuoka, Guangzhou, Hanoi, Ho Chi Minh City, Hong Kong, Kobe, Kunming, Kyoto, Lhasa, Macao, Nagoya, Osaka, Pyongyang, Sapporo, Seoul, Shanghai, Shenzhen, Taipei, Tianjin, Tokyo, Ulaanbaatar, Yokohama
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