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___ Taiwan - 臺灣

Destination Taiwan, this page is about many aspects of the Republic of China. Here you will find comprehensive information about Taiwan in its diversity: geography, economy, science, people, culture, environment, government and history.
You will have access to newspapers from Taiwan and you will find extensive travel and tourism information for Taiwan.
Mount Jade - Yushan National Park, Taiwan
Mount Jade ©

Republic of China on Taiwan | 中华民国 | T'ai-wan

Country Profile

Taiwan Flag
Flag of Taiwan

In 1895, military defeat forced China to cede Taiwan to Japan, however it reverted to Chinese control after World War II. Following the communist victory on the mainland in 1949, 2 million Nationalists fled to Taiwan and established a government using the 1947 constitution drawn up for all of China. Over the next five decades, the ruling authorities gradually democratized and incorporated the native population within its governing structure. Throughout this period, the island has prospered to become one of East Asia's economic "Tigers." The dominant political issue continues to be the relationship between Taiwan and China and the question of eventual reunification.
(Source: CIA - The World Factbook)

related countries: China, Japan, Philippines, USA

Where in Asia is Taiwan?

Official Name:
formally: Republic of China
traditional Chinese: 臺灣 or 台灣; simplified Chinese: 台湾; Pinyin: Táiwan
int'l short form: Taiwan
abbreviation: ROC
historically known as: Formosa

ISO Country Code: tw
Actual Time: Thu-May-26  12:43
Local Time = UTC +8h

Country Calling Code: +886

Capital City: Taipei (pop. 2.6 million)

Other Cities: Kaohsiung (pop. 1.5 million).

Type: Multi-party democracy.
Constitution: 25 December 1946; last amended 2000.

Location: Eastern Asia, islands southeastern of the coast of China.
Area: 36,188 km² (13,972 sq. mi.)
Terrain: Largely mountainous.

Climate: Maritime subtropical.

Nationality: Taiwan
Population: 23.3 million (2012)
Taiwan is the second most densely populated area in the world.
Ethnic groups: Taiwanese (including Hakka) 84%, mainland Chinese 14%, aborigine 2%.
Religions: mixture of Buddhist, Confucian, and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%.
Languages: Putonghua (Mandarin Chinese, official), Holo Taiwanese, Hakka (spoken by the Hakka minority group), other indigenous languages (Formosan).
Literacy: 96 %.

Natural resources: Small deposits of coal, natural gas, limestone, marble, and asbestos.

Agriculture products: Rice, corn, vegetables, fruit, tea; pigs, poultry, beef, milk, fish.

Industries: Electronics, petroleum refining, chemicals, textiles, iron and steel, machinery, cement, food processing.

Exports partners: China 19.5%, Hong Kong 17.1%, USA 15.3%, Japan 7.7%, Singapore 3.6%, South Korea 3.0%

Imports partners: Japan 25.9%, USA 12.8%, China 9.9%, South Korea 6.9%, Germany 3.4%, Saudi Arabia 3.3% (2004)
(Source: ROC Bureau of Foreign Trade -- Trade Statistics)

Currency: New Taiwan Dollar (TWD)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Taiwan

Office of the President, Republic of China
ROC President Office Home Page.

Taiwan e-Government
E-Government entry point of Taiwan.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Official Web Site of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Government Information Office
The Government Information Office site with comprehensive Taiwan facts and figures.

Information Division
Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in New York.


 Map of Taiwan
Detailed Map of Taiwan.
Google Earth Google Earth Taiwan
Searchable map/satellite view of Taiwan.
Google Earth Google Earth Taipei
Searchable map/satellite view of Taiwan's capital city.

Administrative Map of China
Political Map of mainland China's Administrative Divisions.

Map of Southeast Asia
Map of the Southeast Asia region.
profile Map of Asia
Political Map of Asia.

Central Weather Bureau Taiwan
Taiwan's Central Weather Bureau Web Site.

Jade Lake, Taiwan
Wanta Reservoir at Wushe in Nantou County,
called the Jade Lake ©

Taiwan News

Central News Agency
CNA - Taiwan's national news Agency.

Goverment Information Office
Very Official News.

China Post
Daily English-language newspaper.
China Times
National news (in Chinese)
Taiwan and China related news.
The Taipei Times
National and international news.
Taiwan Headlines
Taiwan news.

China Television Company, Ltd
Commercial advertising and broadcasting services.
Commercial TV broadcasts from Taiwan.
Taiwan Public Television Service Online
Non-profit terrestrial broadcaster echoing the island's staggering diversity (partly in English).

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Arts & Culture

Council for Cultural Affairs
official site of Taiwan culture affairs.

Performing arts groups in Taiwan.

Kao-Hsiung Museum of Fine Arts
Southern Taiwan museum for fine arts.

Novel Hall
Performing arts in Taiwan.

A Survey of the Art Scene in Taiwan
A Review on the The Taiwan Art Scene by Roger McClanahan.

National Palace Museum
NPM in Taipei presents the foremost collections of Chinese art and objects in the world.

Taipei Folk Dance Troupe
The Taipei Folk Dance Troupe ©

Business & Economy

Central Bank of China (Taiwan)
In 1923, Dr. Sun Yat-sen, National Father of the Republic of China, promoted the establishment of the Central Bank of China (the Bank) with the primary goal of financing national developments.

Taiwan Stock Exchange

Board of Foreign Trade, MOEA
An agency of the Ministry of Economic Affairs.
China External Trade Development Council (CETRA)
CETRA@NET - a gateway to trade with Taiwan.
National Export Enterprises Association
Manufacturers & Traders of Taiwan.

China Airlines
China Airlines is Taiwan's largest air carrier. Operating one of the
youngest fleet in the world, their 66 advanced aircraft flying to 60
destinations of 23 countries in 4 continent.
EVA Air is part of the Evergreen Marine Corporation, EVA Air serves more than 40 destinations in Asia, Australia, New Zealand, Europe and North America.
Far Eastern Air Transport is the first private air transport company completely run by Taiwan people.
Mandarin Airlines
Operates on domestic and international routes.
Result of the merging of Great China Airlines and Taiwan Airways. (in Chinese)
Trans Asia Airways (in Chinese).

Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport
By far Taiwan's most busiest international airport.

Taiwan Railway
Official site of Taiwan's Railway.

Destination Taiwan - Travel and Tour Guides

The Taiwan Tourism Bureau
Taiwan Tourism Information by the Ministry of Transportation and Communications.
Taiwan at a Glance
About Taiwan, a country guide from the Government Information Office.
Taipei Tourism Office
Taiwan information in German.

Culture Taiwan
Taiwan's cultural event calender.

The National Scenic Areas in Taiwan
Information about the national scenic areas in Taiwan, from South up North:
Dapeng Bay National Scenic Area
About Dapeng Bay situated in the southwest coast.
Maolin National Scenic Area
About Maolin, situated in southeast Kaohsiung County.
Southwest Coast
More about Taiwan's Southwest Coast, the coastline along the three counties of Yunlin, Chiayi, and Tainan.
East Rift Valley
Scenic East Rift Valley situated at Hualien and Taitung counties.
Alishan National Scenic Area
A travel and tourism guide to Alishan, one of Taiwan's National Parks.
East Coast National Scenic Area
About the east coast of Taiwan between Hualien and Taitung.
Sun Moon Lake
Scenic Sun Moon Lake where water and sand meet.
Tri-Mountain National Scenic Area
Information about the three scenic areas: Lion's Head Mountain, Lishan, and Baguashan, in northern and central Taiwan.
Northeast Coast
More about Taiwan's NE coast.
North Coast and Guanyinshan National Scenic Area
More about Taiwan's North Coast Scenic Area.

Taiwan Panorama
A Window on Taiwan, online magazine.
Travel in Taiwan
Taiwan's Travel Magazine.

City Guides
Official site of the Municipality of Taipei.
Official site of Kaohsiung City Government.

Hotels in Taiwan
Find a Hotel in Taiwan.

The Handy Guide for Foreigners in Taiwan
The latest edition of “The Handy Guide for Foreigners in Taiwan” is now out in both Chinese and English! Free downloads are available.

Travel and Tour Consumer Information

Alishan Taiwan
Alishan, a national scenic area in Taiwan ©


National Taiwan University
The predecessor of National Taiwan University was Taihoku (Taipei) Imperial University, founded by the Japanese in 1928.

Environment & Nature

Environmental Protection Administration - EPA
The EPA was founded with the mission of protecting and improving the environment.
Taiwan Ecological Research Network (TERN)
TERN researches to understand long-term ecological phenomena and processes within Taiwan's dominant ecosystems.
Taiwan Forestry Research Institute
The Official website provides information about the work and the function of the research institute.



China-Taiwan History
Page about the historical tensions between China and Taiwan.

Formosa: 19th Century Images
Woodcuts, sketches and etchings concerning Taiwan.

New Taiwan, Ilha Formosa
With information on Taiwan's History.

Taiwan's 400 years of history
A virtual walk through the history of Taiwan.

Taiwan Timeline 1945 - 2002
by BBC.

Chinese Dynasties
Timeline of Chinese Imperial and Modern Dynasties.
Chaotien Temple at Peikang, Taiwan
Chaotien Temple at Peikang
© GIO - Photo: Larry Hsieh

Issues Taiwan

American Institute for Taiwan-China Strategy
A private organization dedicated to the promotion of peaceful relations between the People's Republic of China and Taiwan and the right of Taiwan to self-determination.
Guardian Unlimited: Taiwan and China
The UK newspaper's articles regarding the Taiwan/China relations.
great site Her Name is Taiwan, With Dignity
Taiwan Background Information.
Images of Taiwan
A window into our country.
Taiwan Documents Project
Taiwan Documents Project was established in 1999 to provide researchers and other interested persons a comprehensive source of primary material relating to the dispute over Taiwan.
Taiwan Security Research
Designed to provide an unbiased, reliable English-language source of up-to-date information relating to Taiwan's security situation.


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Countries in East Asia:
China (PRC) | Japan | Mongolia | North Korea | South Korea | Taiwan (ROC)
Special Administrative Regions of China: Hong Kong | Macau | Tibet