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About the Soviet Union

Map is showing the Soviet Union, the former country, partly in eastern Europe and northern Asia, was established in 1922 and dissolved in 1991.

With an area of 22,402,200 km² it was the largest country on Earth. The Russian Federation, the new name of the country of what was left of the Soviet Union, after the breakaway of some of its republics, is still the largest country in the world covering more than 11% of Earth's inhabited area.

Compared the Soviet Union was more than twice the size of the USA, covering more than one-sixth of Earth's landmass. But vast regions of the country were uninhabited or uninhabitable. The Soviet Union, and today Russia as well, are countrys with a very low population density (8.5 people/km², compared Germany 226 people/km², USA about 33 people/km²). But still, the USSR had a population of nearly 300 million people. Moscow was the capital and core of political power and the center of culture, and trade of the USSR, Leningrad (now St. Petersburg), was the second largest city.
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The Soviet Empire was made up of 15 Soviet Socialist Republics: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belorussia (now Belarus), Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kirgiziya (now Kyrgyzstan), Latvia, Lithuania, Moldavia (now Moldova), Russia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.

The Soviet Union was bordered by Afghanistan, Czechoslovakia (today Czech Republic and Slovakia), China, Finland, Hungary, Iran, North Korea, Mongolia, Norway, Poland, Romania, and Turkey, resulting in about 20,000 km of borders, additionally the country shared maritime borders with the USA and Sweden.

Everiything geographical of the Soviet Union was gigantic, 10,000 km from its western borders to the eastern coast of the Russian Far East at the Bering Street, 11 of the world's 24 time zones, 52 ethnic groups with more than 100,000 people, 23 exceeded 1 million, 42,777 km of coastline, and as allready mentioned, the largest empire in the world.

The Soviet landscape offered a variety of regions, west of the Ural mountain range, which separates the Asian and European part of the country, lies the European Plain, with Moscow in the center. It was the most populous part of the country.

The Caucasus Mountain Range in south west between the southern Black Sea and the western coast of the Caspian Sea. South of the Ural in are the Pamir Mountains, within some of the world’s highest mountains, occupying most of the terrain of today Tajikistan, within the highest mountain of the Soviet Union, still today known as Communism Peak (now Ismoil Somoni Peak) in Tajikistan, with its peak at 7,495 m (24,590 ft).

East of the Ural Mountains lies the West Siberian Plain.The largest area of continuous lowlands in the world is bounded by the Kara Sea in north, by the Kazakh Uplands and the Altai Mountains in south and by the Yenisey River valley and the Central Siberian Plateau in east. Further east of the Soviet Union/Russia its getting mountainous, with the Stanovoy Mountains, Yablonovy Mountains, the Verkhoyansk Range, the Sikhote-Alin mountain range, the Kolyma Mountains, and the mountainous Kamchatka Peninsula with a coastline at the Bering Sea and the Sea of Okhotsk.

Topographically, Ukraine consists mainly of plains and plateaus, but the Carpathian mountains in the west reach 2,061 m (6,760 ft.) at Mount Hoverla (Hora Hoverla), which is the highest mountain in Ukraine.

Ukraine's major rivers are: Dniester, The Western and the Southern Bug (Pivdennyi Buh), Desna, Seversky Donets and the Dnieper (Dnipro) an important waterway and the longest river in Ukraine with its large water reservoirs the Kremenchuk Reservoir and the Kakhovka Reservoir.

Depicted on the map are Ukraine with surrounding countries, international borders, main rivers, major cities, main roads, railroads, and major airports, as well as the Russian occupied Crimean peninsula and the region in eastern Ukraine under the control of pro-Russian activists.
You are free to use this map for educational, or informational purposes, please refer to Nations Online Project.

Political Map of Soviet Union
Administrative Map of Soviet Union

Cities and towns in the Soviet Union:

Principal Cities:
Moscow, Leningrad (for short time named Petrograd (1914-1924), today Saint Petersburg), Kiev, Baku, Odessa, Kharkov, Tashkent, Rostov-on-Don, and Tiflis (today Tbilisi).

Other major cities: Aqtau, Almaty, Arkhangelsk, Chelyabinsk, Elista (capital of Kalmykia), Irkutsk, Izhevsk (capital of Votsk Autonomous Oblast, (today Udmurtia)), Kazan (capital of Tatarstan), Khabarovsk, Kharkiv (Kharkov), Krasnodar (until 1920 Yekaterinodar), Krasnovodsk (Turkmenbashi), Krasnoyarsk, Makhachkala (capital of Dagestan), Nizhny Novgorod (Gorky), Novosibirsk, Omsk, Perm, Samara (Kuybyshev), Saratov, Sevastopol, Smolensk, Sochi, Stalingrad (formerly Tsaritsyn, today Volgograd), Stavropol (Tolyatti), Tomsk, Tyumen, Ufa (capital of Bashkortostan), Ulan-Ude (capital of Buryat-Mongolian ASSR), Ulyanovsk (formerly Simbirsk), Vladivostok (main naval base of the Soviet Pacific Fleet), Voronezh, Yakutsk (capital of Yakut ASSR), Yaroslavl, Yekaterinburg (Ekaterinburg),

More about Russia:

Labeld map/satellite view of Moscow Kremlin and surroundings

Searchable map/satellite view of Saint Petersburg
Searchable map/satellite view of Novosibirsk
Searchable map/satellite view of Sochi

Searchable map/satellite view of Russia
Map of the Russian Federation

Russian Federation Country Profile

Map of Central and Eastern Europe
Map of Asia
Capital Cities of Asia
Countries of Asia
Languages of Asia
Flags of Asia
Moscow Weather Conditions:
(weather station at Moscow's Sheremetyevo International Airport)

Weather Conditions St. Petersburg:

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Related Consumer Information:


Political Maps of former Soviet Republics:
Armenia Map, Azerbaijan Map, Belarus Map, Estonia Map, Georgia Map, Kazakhstan Map, Kyrgyzstan Map,
Latvia Map, Lithuania Map, Moldova Map, Russia Map, Tajikistan Map, Turkmenistan Map, Ukraine, Uzbekistan Map

Interactive Maps of of former Soviet Republics:
Armenia Interactive Map, Azerbaijan Interactive Map, Belarus Interactive Map, Georgia Map, Kazakhstan Map, Kyrgyzstan Map,
Latvia Map, Lithuania Map, Moldova Map, Russia Map, Tajikistan Map, Turkmenistan Map, Ukraine, Uzbekistan Map

Interactive Maps of former Satellite States of the Soviet Union:
Bulgaria Interactive Map, Czech Interactive Republic Map, Hungary Interactive Map,
Moldova Interactive Map, Poland Interactive Map, Romania Interactive Map, Slovakia Interactive Map

Cities in Eastern and Central Asia:
Bratislava | Bucharest | Budapest | Chisinau | Minsk | Moscow | Prague | Sevastopol (Crimea) | Simferopol (Crimea) | Sochi | Sofia | Warsaw 


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