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Sri Lanka is an archipelagic state, located to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and 31 km (19.3 mi) south east of the southern coast of the Indian subcontinent. The island was formerly known as Ceylon, until 1972, when it became a republic within the Commonwealth. Sri Lanka shares maritime borders with the Maldives and India.

With an area of 65,610 km² the country is slightly larger than twice the size of Belgium or slightly larger than the U.S. state West Virginia.

Sri Lanka's landscape is mostly low, it has flat to rolling coastal plains, and there are mountains in south-central interior. Highest elevation is at Pidurutalagala, (Mount Pedro; 2,524 m) in Central province.
The island has a tropical climate moderated by ocean winds.

Sri Lanka has a population of 20.6 million people (official estimate 2010). Spoken languages are Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%. About 10 % speak English as a second language.

Map is showing the island of with provincial boundaries, the national capital Colombo, provincial capitals, major cities, main roads, railroads and major airports.



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Map of Sri Lanka
Map of Sri Lanka

Map based on a UN map. Source: UN Cartographic Section
 
 Cities and towns in Sri Lanka

Map shows the location of following Sri Lankan cities and towns:

NORTHERN Province:
Elephant Pass (Gateway to Jaffna), Jaffna (capital of the Northern Province), Kankesanturai, Kayts, Kilinochchi, Madhu Road, Manjulam, Mannar, Mullaittivu, Nedunkeni, Point Pedro, Puliyankulam, Puthukkudiyiruppu, Silavatturai, Talaimannar, Vavuniya, Vellankulam

NORTH CENTRAL
Anuradhapura (one of the ancient capitals, today capital of North Central Province), Habarane, Hamillewa, Horuwupotana, Kebitigollewa, Kekirawa, Maragahewa, Medawachchiya, Polonnaruwa

NORTH WESTERN
Pannala, Kuliyapitiya, Kurunegala, Chilaw, Ganewatta, Maho, Anamaduwa, Galgamuwa, Puttalam, Kalpitiya, Pomparippu

EASTERN Province:
Amparai, Batticaloa, Chenkaladi, Kalmunai, Kantalai, Kathiraveli, Kehelula, Kumana, Maha Oya, Mutur, Nilaveli, Okanda, Paddiruppu, Pankulam, Pottuvil, Pulmoddai, Tirrukkovil, Trincomalee, Uhana, Valachchenai

CENTRAL Province:
Dambula, Kandy (second largest city in the country), Matale, Naula, Nuwara Eliya

SOUTHERN Province:
Akuressa, Ambalangoda, Galle, Hambontota, Kirinda, Matara, Tangalla, Tissamaharama, Udugama

WESTERN Province:
Beruwala, Colombo (major seaport, largest city and cultural center of Sri Lanka), Gampaha, Horana, Ja-Ela, Kalutara, Matugama, Moratuwa, Mount Lavinia, Negombo, Panadura, Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (New Capital Territory, seat of the Parliament of Sri Lanka and de jure capital)

SABARAGAMUWA Province:
Balangoda, Embilipitiya, Kegalla, Pelmadulla, Rakwana, Ratnapura (the "City of Gems", famous for the trade of precious stones, capital city of Sabaragamuwa Province)

UVA Province:
Badulla (capital, known for tea trade), Bibile, Buttala, Haputale, Kataragama, Monaragala, and Telulla.
 
More about Sri Lanka:

Cities:
Satellite View and Map of Colombo

Country:
Administrative Map of Sri Lanka
Searchable Map and Satellite View of Sri Lanka


Sri Lanka Country Profile

Sri Lanka in numbers
Sri Lanka key statistical data.

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