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___ Saarland

Saarschleife, the horseshoe bend of the River Saar - Image: EPei
A virtual guide to the German Federal State of Saarland. Beside a state profile, this page offers links to sources that provide you with information about this "Bundesland", e.g.: official web sites, local news, culture, history, education, city- and country guides with travel and visitors information, tourist attractions, events and much more.


State Profile

Saarland Flag
Flag of the State of Saarland
where in Germany is Saarland?

Official Name: Saarland

Motto: mit grenzenlosem Charme (with boundless charm)

Abbreviation: SL

Time zone: Central European Time (CET); Central European Summer Time (CEST)

Capital City: Saarbrücken

Other Cities: Homburg, Neunkirchen, Saarlouis, Völklingen.

Location: in south-west of Germany
Area: 2,568 kmĀ²

Population (2013): 1 million
Religions: 36,4% Protestants, 54,5% Roman Catholic, 9,1% no religious affiliation.
Languages: German, French

Natural resources: Forests.

Agriculture products: Grain, dairy products, livestock.

Industries: Automotive industries, engineering, steel production, mining.

Saarland, named after the Saar River, is in both area and population, the smallest of the German area states (Flächenländer), not counted the federal city states. It is surrounded by Rhineland-Palatinate in north and east and borders France in the south and west and Luxembourg in west.

Saarbrücken’s film festival for German-speaking up- and-coming talent has been the launching pad for glittering careers, as Franka Potente and Til Schweiger have proved. The state has over the last 200 years changed nationality eight times and the French influence is highly evident. Mining is now no longer the key industry, with steel and car-making competing with IT for the number one slot. The steel industry bequeathed a fascinating attraction: Völklingen Ironworks, which is included in the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage List. The state’s most famous name, however, has to be that of Villeroy & Boch, a global player in the porcelain market.

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Saarland

Saarland online, official website of the federal state.

Landtag des Saarlandes
The parliament of the Saarland.

Statistik Saarland
Saarland in figures.


Google Earth Google Earth Saarland
Searchable map/satellite view of Saarland.
Google Earth Google Earth Saarbrücken
Searchable map/satellite view of Saarland's capital.



Newspapers from Saarland online (in German)
Saarbrücker Zeitung
Newspaper (in German).

Saarländischer Rundfunk (SR)
Saarland's regional public radio and television.
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Arts & Culture

Electricity Festival
Festival of Electronic Music.

Filmfestival Max Ophüls Preis
Saarbrücken Film Festival, a platform for upcoming new talents from Germany, Switzerland and Austria.

Saarland Museum
Saarland Museum State Gallery

Staatstheater Saarbrücken
Saarland State Theater.


Business & Economy

IHK Saarland
Chamber of Industry and Commerce Saarland.

Saarstahl AG
Steel production.
Villeroy & Boch
Ceramics manufacturer.

Flughafen Saarbrücken (SCN)
Official website of the Airport of Saarbrücken.


Destination Saarland - Travel and Tour Guides

Discover Saarland: accommodation, hotels, attractions, festivals, events, tourist boards, tours and much more.

Urlaub im Saarland
The official tourist guide to Saarland.

Stadt · Land · Lust - die Region Saarbrücken
Tourist guide to Saarbrücken region.

The official web site of Saarbrücken, capital city of the Saarland.

Other cities (official sites):




Travel and Tour Consumer Information


Hochschule der Bildenden Künste Saar
Universität des Saarlands

International Max Planck Research School for Computer Science
IMPRS provides highly research-oriented training for junior scientists.
Max-Planck-Institut für Informatik
Max-Planck Institute for Informatics, Saarbrücken.

Environment & Nature

Naturpark Saar-Hunsrück
The Natural Park Saar-Hunsrück in Rhineland-Palatinate and Saarland.

Naturparke Deutschland
A guide to nature and national parks in Germany.


After World War II the Saarland came under French administration again, as the Saar Protectorate. The Saar Protectorate was headed by a military governor. In 1954, France and the Federal Republic of Germany (West Germany) developed a detailed plan called the "Saarstatut" to establish an independent Saarland, but a plebiscite rejected it by 67.7%. On 27 October 1956, the Saar Treaty established that Saarland should be allowed to join the Federal Republic of Germany, which it did on 1 January 1957.

History - The origin of Saarland
Saarland's history provided by the state's official website.

History of Saarland
Wikipedia entry about Saarland's history.

Additional Information about Saarland

Open Directory Project: Saarland

Wikipedia: Saarland
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