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___ Guan U or Guan Yu (Chinese: 關羽; ?–219)

Guan U, Warlord, also called Kuan Yu, Yunchang, Changsheng, Marquis Zhuangmou posthumously, or Sangharama Bodhisattva with his Buddhist name.
 

Guan U
Painting of Guan U at the door at Leng Buai Ia Shrine, China Town, Bangkok
Photo © Valeska Gehrmann


 
Being the best known Chinese historical figure, Guan U is seen as the epitome of loyalty and righteousness and traditionally portrayed as a red-faced warrior with a long lush beard. The idea of his red face could have been borrowed from opera representation.

Guan U's weapon was a Guandao (a double-edged blade on the end of a pole like a Halberd) named ‘Green Dragon Crescent Blade’. He traditionally wears a green robe over his body armor, as depicted in the ‘Romance of the Three Kingdoms’.

Guan Yu was a general under the warlord Liu Bei during the late Eastern Han Dynasty (25- 220 AD) and Three Kingdoms era (220- 280 AD) of China. He played a significant role in the civil war that led to the collapse of the Han Dynasty (206BC- 220 AD) and the establishment of the Kingdom of Shu (221- 263AD), of which Liu Bei was the first emperor.

See also:
Chinese Dynasties
Gong Wu Shrine
History of China 

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