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About Greenland

Map is showing Greenland, since 1979 a self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark. The largest island in the world is located between the North Atlantic and the Arctic oceans, north east of Canada.

The island has an area of 2,166,086 km², making it the 12th largest country in the world, this is almost four times the size of France, or slightly more than three times the size of the U.S. state of Texas. More than two-thirds of Greenland lies within the Arctic Circle. Highest point is Gunnbjørn Fjeld with 3,700 m.

Greenland has a population of 55,984 (Jan 2015). Capital is Nuuk, spoken languages are Greenlandic (Kalaallisut) an Eskimo–Aleut language and Danish.

Greenland is covered by a flat to gradually sloping ice sheet which covers all but a narrow, mountainous, rocky coast. The icecap has an area of 1.75 million km² (almost the size of Mexico), with an average thickness of 2.3 km (1.4 mi), and holds estimated 7 percent of the world's freshwater. Greenland's more than fifty glaciers move ice from the interior of the island to the coast of the North Atlantic, where they break off as icebergs and eventually melt into the ocean.

The Greenland ice sheet has been one of the largest contributors to global sea-level rise over the past 20 years. A significant portion of this contribution is associated with the speed-up of an increased number of glaciers in southeast and northwest Greenland.
From 1996 to 2005 the velocity of many of Greenland's glaciers increased from 90 cubic km (22 cubic miles) per year to 220 cubic km (53 cubic miles) per year.

Topographic map of Greenlands bedrock
Topographic map of Greenland's bedrock. Black represents bedrock, white represents water at current level.
As temperatures around the world slowly climb, melt waters from these vast stores of ice add to rising sea levels. Greenland could rise the sea level by 7 meters (23 feet) if its ice melted completely. If the ice would melt completely we would be surprised by the fact that Greenland is not one but made up of two or three islands surrounding a vast sea. Hidden underneath the ice is Greenland's 'Grand Canyon', a recent discovery by NASA's Operation IceBridge in 2009, ice-penetrating radar data showed a huge subglacial canyon, carved into Greenland's bedrock. the depression is described as a mega-canyon, more than 400 mi long and up to a half mile deep.

Source: NASA and others

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Hidden for all of human history, a 740 km (460 mi) long canyon has been discovered below Greenland's ice sheet. The subglacial canyon, carved into Greenland's bedrock was dubbed Greenland's 'Grand Canyon'.
Image: NASA
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Map of Greenland

Map of Greenland
Map of Greenland
Largest towns and settlements in Greenland:

Nuuk (capital and largest city, pop.: 17,000),

Sisimiut (formerly Holsteinsborg, second-largest town in Greenland with 5600 inhabitants, the majority descendants form Thule people, it is the administrative center of the Qeqqata Municipality)

Ilulissat (formerly Jakobshavn; pop.: 4.500; the nearby Ilulissat Icefjord official website is a UNESCO World Heritage Site).

Qaqortoq (formerly Julianehåb; pop.: 3160; most populous town in southern Greenland; nearby is Hvalsey, Greenland's largest, best-preserved Norse ruins).

Aasiaat (founded in 1759, located on Aasiaat island, at the southern end of Disko Bay; pop.: 3100).

Maniitsoq (pop.: 2,670; the town is a port of call for the Arctic Umiaq ferry).

Tasiilaq (one of the few towns on the eastern coast, pop.: 2100; Sermilik glaciology research station is located nearby, just 1 day on foot).

Paamiut (formerly Frederikshåb; a town in southwestern Greenland in the Sermersooq municipality on the coast of the Labrador Sea).

Narsaq (a town with a natural deep water harbor at the shore of Tunulliarfik Fjord; pop.: 1527).

Nanortalik (the "Place Where the Polar Bears Go"; it is the southernmost town in Greenland with a population of 1260; this area was one of the first parts of Greenland settled by the Norse people)

More about Greenland:

Satellite View of Nuuk (Godthåb).

Small Greenland Map
Google Greenland map
Satellite View and searchable map of Greenland.
Greenland Country Profile

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