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Joss paper and spirit money, joss paper is cut into individual squares or rectangles. Each square of paper has either a thin piece of square foil glued to its centre or it may be endorsed with a red ink seal from a traditional Chinese seal. The colour of the paper is white, white colour representing mourning, the square foil normally has a golden or silver metal shade and hence representing wealth or money, leading to the name ghost or spirit money. Spirit money in US dollar for ancestor worship ping piled up along the roadside Dong Xuan Market area, Hanoi

Photographer:Valeska Gehrmann
© 2008:Valeska Gehrmann at