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___ Serbia and Montenegro

The State Union of Serbia and Montenegro ended its existence in June 2006 when Montenegro voted, after a referendum in favor of independence, to leave the State Union.
Serbia proclaimed its independence on 5 June 2006, as the successor state to the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.


!!! This page is so called "history", please visit the new country pages for Montenegro and Serbia
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Serbia and Montenegro

Country Profile


Flag of Serbia and Montenegro
Flag of Serbia and Montenegro

Background:
The Serbian state as known today was created in 1170 A.D. by Stefan Nemanja, the founder of the Nemanjic dynasty. Serbia's religious foundation came several years later when Stefan's son, canonized as St. Sava, became the first archbishop of a newly autocephalous Serbian Orthodox Church (1219).

The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes was formed in 1918; its name was changed to Yugoslavia in 1929.
Occupation by Nazi Germany in 1941 was resisted by various partisan bands that fought themselves as well as the invaders. The group headed by Marshal TITO took full control upon German expulsion in 1945. Although communist in name, his new government successfully steered its own path between the Warsaw Pact nations and the West for the next four and a half decades.
In the early 1990s, post-TITO Yugoslavia began to unravel along ethnic lines: Slovenia, Croatia, and The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia all declared their independence in 1991; Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992. The remaining republics of Serbia and Montenegro declared a new "Federal Republic of Yugoslavia" in 1992 and, under President Slobodan MILOSEVIC, Serbia led various military intervention efforts to unite Serbs in neighboring republics into a "Greater Serbia." All of these efforts were ultimately unsuccessful.
In 1999, massive expulsions by Serbs of ethnic Albanians living in the autonomous republic of Kosovo provoked an international response, including the NATO bombing of Serbia and the stationing of NATO and Russian peacekeepers in Kosovo. Blatant attempts to manipulate presidential balloting in October of 2000 were followed by massive nationwide demonstrations and strikes that saw the election winner, Vojislav KOSTUNICA, replace MILOSEVIC.

On February 4, 2003 the Yugoslav parliament adopted the Constitutional Charter of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, marking the beginning of a new reformed state, replacing the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. .
(Source: various sources)

related countries: Germany, Russia, Slovenia
border countries: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Hungary, Macedonia, Romania
 
where in Europe is Serbia and Montenegro

Official Name:
State Union of Serbia and Montenegro
local long form: Srbija-Crna Gora
former Yugoslavia

ISO Country Code: yu

Actual Time: Sun-Oct-22  23:34
Local Time = UTC +1h
Daylight Saving Time (DST) March - October (UTC +2)

Capital Cities: Belgrade
Beograd - The official Web site of Serbia's Capital.
Podgorica The Capital of Montenegro.

Other Cities:
Pristina, Pancevo, Novi Pazar, Uzice, Novi Sad, Subotica, Bor, Nis, Tivat, Kotor

Government:
Type: Republic.
Constitution: 4 February 2003, the Yugoslav parliament adopted the Constitutional Charter of the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro.
Independence: 11 April 1992 (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia formed as self-proclaimed successor to the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia).

Geography:
Location: Southeastern Europe, bordering the Adriatic Sea, between Albania and Bosnia and Herzegovina
Area: Montenegro (13 938 sq. km),
Serbia (88 412 sq. km.)
Terrain: Varied; in the north, rich fertile plains; in the east, limestone ranges and basins; in the southeast, mountains and hills; in the southwest, high shoreline with no islands off the coast

Climate: In the north, continental climate (cold winter and hot, humid summers with well-distributed rainfall); central portion, continental and Mediterranean climate; to the south, Adriatic climate along the coast, hot, dry summers and autumns and relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall inland.

People:
Nationality: Noun--Montenegrin(s) and Serb(s);
adjective--Montenegrin and Serbian
Population: 8.1 million, (Montenegro 650 000); Serbia (not including Kosovo) 7.5 million)
Ethnic groups: Serbian 62.6%, Albanian 16.5%, Montenegrin 5%, Hungarian 3.3%, other 12.6%
Religions: Orthodox 65%, Muslim 19%, Roman Catholic 4%, Protestant 1%, other 11%
Languages: Serbo-Croatian 95%, Albanian 5%, the alphabet in official use is Cyrillic, as well as Latin
Literacy: total population: 93%

Currency: New Yugoslavian Dinar (YUM);
Note: in Montenegro the euro is legal tender; in Kosovo both the euro and the Yugoslav dinar are legal (2002)

Note: External links will open in a new browser window.

Official Sites of Serbia and Montenegro


royal Royal House of Serbia and Yugoslavia
HRH Crown Prince Alexander of Yugoslavia, official site of the Karadjordjevic (Karageorgevitch) dynasty.

Serbia and Montenegro
State Union of Serbia and Montenegro Official Web Site.

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Serbia and Montenegro

Embassy of the FR of Yugoslavia
Tokyo, Japan
Embassy of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
Washington, DC USA

Serbia
Vlada Republike Srbije - Zvanicna prezentacija
The Serbian Government. (English Verion)
Serbia Ministry of Information
Official information on Serbia.



Montenegro
Drzava Crna Gora
Official site of the Republic of Montenegro.
Predsjednik Republike Crne Gore
President of the Republic of Montenegro.
Vlada Republike Crne Gore
The Government of the Republic of Montenegro.
Ministry of Foreign Affairs Montenegro

Federal Statistical Office

Maps

Maps Serbia and Montenegro
Political Map of Serbia and Montenegro.
Google Earth Google Earth Serbia and Montenegro
Searchable map and satellite view of Serbia and Montenegro.
Map of Europe
Political Map of Europe.
 

 

News

BETA Novinska Agencija
News Agency.
Free Serbia Net
Still online with News, Articles, Editorial and Documents.
I*Net
News from Balkan and Republic of Srpska. (in Serbo-Croatian)
MMNews
Daily Newsservice on Montenegro.
Novosti
Daily newspaper (in Serbo-Croatian)
Politika
Serbian newspaper. (in Serbo-Croatian)
Yugoslavia Survey
A federal agency for the provision of publishing and intellectual services.
 
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Arts & Culture

The National Library of Serbia
The National Museum
Belgrade
The Nikola Tesla Museum


 
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Instagram

 

Business & Economy

National Bank of Yugoslavia
Yugoslavia's Central Bank
Belgrade Stock Exchange
Yugoslav Chamber of Commerce and Industry
Internet Promotion of Yugoslav Economy

_Transportation
JAT
The 75-year tradition ranks JAT among Europe's 16 oldest serving airliners.
Jugoslovenske Zeleznice
Yugoslav Railways
 
 
 

Country Guides



National Tourism Organisation of Serbia
Tourist information for Serbia (Yugoslavia)


Visit Montenegro
National Tourism Organisation of Montenegro.

Hotels
Hotels in Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)
Yugoslavia hotel guide
 

Travel and Tour Consumer Information


 
 

Education

University of Belgrade
Faculty of Economics - University of Belgrade
University of Montenegro
 
 
 

History

The Archives of Yugoslavia
Archived material since the creation of Yugoslavia in 1918.
Making sense of yugoslavia
A brief history of disintegration and its genesis
Yugoslavia in Transition
Recent history and development in Yugoslavia
 
 
 
 
 

Additional Information on Serbia and Montenegro

REENIC: Yugoslavia
Russian and East European Network Information Center on Yugoslavia.
Background Notes: Yugoslavia
Governments on the WWW: Yugoslavia
Open Directory Project: Serbia and Montenegro
The World Factbook -- Serbia and Montenegro
 
 
 
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